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Raczkowski- Protist

Raczkowski- Protist and Fungi

Protist belong to the kingdom Protista
Protist are eukaryotic (have nucleus)
Protist many single-celled, but some multicellular, both producers and consumers
Protist classified by the way they obtain energy
Funguslike Protists protist that obtains its food from dead organic matter or from the body of another organism
Funguslike Protists Consumers that secrete digestive juices into the food source and then absorb the digested nutrients
Funguslike Protists Examples- slime molds and water mold
Parasites invade the body of another organism to obtain the nuitrients they need
Host Organism a parasite invades
Algae a type of plantlike protist, single-celled or multi-cellular (phytoplankton)
Algae producer- uses sun’s energy to make food through photosynthesis
Algae Example- seaweed or kelp
Phytoplankton Producers that provide food for most other water-dwelling organisms
Phytoplankton Produce most of the world’s oxygen
Phytoplankton Single-celled, cannot be seen without a microscope
Phytoplankton Types- red algae, brown algae, green algae, diatoms, dinoflagellates, euglenoids
Protozoa animal protists that are single-celled consumers
Protozoa some are parasites and some move
Protozoa Types- amoeba-like protists, flagellates, ciliates, and spore- forming protists
Fungus eukaryotic consumers that come in a variety of sizes, shapes and colors
Fungus some are decomposers, but most are consumers who most obtain nutrients by secreting digestive juices onto a food source, then absorbing the dissolved substances.
Fungus Some are single-celled but most are multicellular
Mold shapeless fuzzy fungi that can reproduce asexually
Hyphae fungal filaments that are similar to plant roots
Hyphae Cells having openings in their cell walls that allow cytoplasm to move freely between the cells
Mycelium hyphae that have grown together to form a twisted mass
Spores - small reproductive cells protected by a thick cell wall
Spores a way in which asexual reproduction occurs
Spores light and easily spread by the wind
Lichen a combination of a fungus and an alga that grows intertwined
Lichen Producers that produce food through photosynthesis
Lichen Need only air, light and minerals to grow
Autotroph any organism capable of producing its own food by using inorganic materials as a source of nutrients and using photosynthesis as a source of energy, as most plants and certain bacteria and protists
Heterotroph An organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances, usually plant or animal matter
Created by: seagullq