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Science Ch 9

Classification Section 1

classiification to put organisms into a groups, classes or category
taxonomy to give something a 2-part name
genus and species the 2 parts of a specific
identify them Scientists use those names so others can _____ _____.
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species 8 Levels of classification
Dichotomous Key A __________ ____ is a tool for identifying organisms that uses a series of paired descriptive statements.helps scientists identify organisms because it is easy for all scientists to read.
explored Many species have not been found because so many parts of the world have not been _________.
pine tree The plant most similar to hibiscus is the ____ ____.
moss plant The plants least similar to hibiscus is the ____ ____.
opaque not see-through
translucent completely see-through
transparent almost see-through
Eukarya a domain made up of all eukaryotes, aligns with Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animaliae.
Protista A kingdom mostly of one-celled eularyotic organisms that are different from plants, animals, bacteria, and fungi.
Fungi A kingdom made up of non-green, eukaryotic organisms that have no means of movement reproduce by using spores, and get fed by breaking down substances in their surroundings and absorbing nutrients.
Plantae A kingdom made up of complex, multi-cellular organisms that are usually green.
Animalia A kingdom made up of complex, multi-cellular organisms that lacki cell walls.
Plantae 270,000 Includews trees, grass, flowers, algae, more than ________ known species
Archae A kingdom of eukaryotes
Bacteria A kingdom of prokaryotes, have cell walls
Plantae A kingdom of multicellular organisms.
Fungi made of of non-green, eukaryotic organisms.
100 Biological Classification schemes changer every ____years.
Archae and Bacteria _______ and _______ both consists of Prokaryotes.
Eukarya ________ consists of Euchareyotes
Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia The four kingdoms ain Eukarya are
Bacteria and Fungi both found in mud and earth Bacteria and Fungi similar because they r both living What are the similarities between Fungi and Bacteria?
Eucharya, Archae, Protista, Fungi, Bacteria, Anaimaliea Name 6 kingdoms
share In classification, organisms are grouped according to the characteristics the organisms ________.
2-part An organism has one __-____ name.
Euglenoids single celled organisms that live in pond water
Euglenoids They are green and make their own food by photsynthesis,
flagella Euglenoids move by whipping their tails which are called ________.
plants or animals In the past, organisms were classified as _______ or _______.
changed the classification system As scientist discovered more species, they found that organisms did not always fit into one of these two catgories, so they _______ ___ _________ _________.
domains Today _______ are the largest groups of related organisms.
Archae, Bacteria, Eukarya The 3 domains are _______, ________, and _______.
Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia The kingdoms of the domain Eukarya are
5 hours A certain bacterium can divide every 30 minutes. If you begin with 1 bacterium, when will you have more than 1,000 bacteria.
taxonomy Linnaeus founded the cience of
Protista Prokaryotes that live in extreme environments are in the domain _________
Animalia Complex multicellular organisms that usually move around and respond totheir environment.`
classification a system of _________ can help group animals into categories.
Bacteria Prokaryotes that can cause diseases are in the domain _________.
arranging organisms into orderly groups Scientists classify organisms in orderly groups.
family When the 8 levels of classification are listed from broadest to narrowest, which level is sixth in the list?
Nymphae The scientific name for the European white water lily is Nymphae alba. To which genus does this plant belong?
names of kingdoms Animalia, Protista, Fungi, and Plantae are the
Bacteria The simple single-celled organisms that live in your intestine are classified in the domain
archean what kind of organism thrives in hot springs and other extreme environments?
Contain info about organism Why is use of sceintific names important to biology?
No because bacterium have a nucleous but no membrane and eukaryotes have nucleous+membrane Is bacterium a type of eukaryote
As more organisms were discovered they didn't fit into either group Scientist used to classify organisms as either plants or animals. Why doesn't that classification system work?
and nucleous and a membrane What charactristics do the members of the 4 kingdoms of the domain Eukarya have in common?
Created by: squints0609