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Enlightenment

Beaver Local 5

QuestionAnswer
Revolution in thinking. Through the use of reason, people and governments could solve every social, political and economic problem. Enlightenment
Challenged authority by using scientific reason to solve problems Enlightenment
Member of a group of Enlightenment thinkers who tried to apply the methods of science to the improvement of society Philosophe
Rule or law that governs human nature, universal system of rule Natural Law
A ruler whose power was NOT limited and who usually “inherits” the power Absolute Monarchy
The belief that Absolute Monarchs receive their power from God and therefore cannot be challenged Divine Rule
Right that belongs to all humans from birth Unalienable Rights
Government by the people and for the people Democracy
A government type where there are representatives elected who listen to the citizens Republic
Challenged power of absolutism & divine rule Enlightenment
Places where individuals gathered to hear about the new ideas of the philosophes during the Enlightenment period Salons
The philosophe who believed that humans are naturally selfish Hobbes
The individual who put together a collection of the writings of the major philosophes Denis Diderot
Thomas Hobbes promoted this type of government because he felt it would control the selfish nature of the citizens Absolute Monarchy
The agreement between the government and the citizens where the citizens give up freedoms in exchange for security and protection Social Contract
What are the three unalienable rights that John Locke speaks of? Life, liberty, and property
What does John Locke insist that all humans are born with? Unalienable rights
Who states that the government may be overthrown if the government fails to protect the citizens' life, liberty, and property? John Locke
Who states that individuals in power tend to use and abuse power? Montesquieu
Which philosopher stated that the government's power needed to be seperated in order to limit its power? Montesquieu
The seperation of powers idea prescribed by Montesquieu was adopted by the United States in the form of how many branches 3 branches
The prescribed 3 branch system of government that the U.S. promotes creates this type of system. Checks and Balances
What is the system that establishes the legislative, executive, and judicial where each branch watches the other to assure that none gains more power than the other branch? Checks and Balances
Which philosophe stated that individuals are born good yet corrupted by a bad government? Rousseau
Which philosophe stated that citizens should be given the opportunity to vote? Rousseau
When a government adheres to the most votes provided by the citizens, the government is listening to ____________________________. Popular Sovereignty
Which philosphe promoted freedom of speech? Voltaire
What opportunities did the colonies provide for oppressed individuals in Britain? Cheap land; social advancement; new identity
Which war between 1754-1763 almost bankrupted the British government? French and Indian War
What response did Britain have to their financial "woes" after the French and Indian War? Began taxing the colonists
Which philosophe supported this statement: "no taxation without representation." John Locke
Which type of protest led to the Boston Massacre? Public Assembly
What type of protest does the Boston Tea Party represent? Civil Disobedience
Why were the first shots of the American revolution considered the “Shots heard around the world?" The shots were considered the "shots heard around the world" because it sent the message around the world that it is possible to revolt against unjust governments.
Which specific part of John Locke's philosophy did the leaders of the American Revolution utilize to justify their actions? The right to overthrow a ruler who does not protect their unalienable rights (or follow natural law)
A type of government that is formed when the formation occurs via "the consent of the governed" democracy
The Enlightenment philosophe's spoke about the importance of standing up against tyranny and oppression. What event was inspired by these thoughts? The American Revolution
What specific type of democracy is created when officials are voted into office to represent the mass population? Republic
What were the lasting consequences of the "shots heard around the world" (American Revolution). Constitutions were now being created; inspired other oppressed peoples to overthrow their unjust governments; set a precendent for others around the world; inspired the seeking of new democracies
Which philosophe supports ..."all men are created equal..."? Locke and Rousseau
Which philosophe supports ..."all men are... endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights..."? Locke
Which philosophe supports this idea that the people are the source of their government ..."deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed..." Rousseau
Created by: kjones0722 on 2011-10-18



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