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Science-Ch. 1 Plants

Vocabulary from Ch. 1 in Science - Plants

a green chemical in a plant cells that allows plants to use the Sun’s energy for making food chlorophyll
plants that contain tissue through which water moves up and food moves down (plants with stems and trunks are these kinds of plants) vascular
plants that do NOT contain tissue through which water and food move up and down (plants like moss, hornwort, and liverwort are examples of these plants) nonvascular
members of a kingdom that contain one-celled and many-celled living things that absorb food from their environment fungus
a member of the kingdom that contain one-celled and many-celled living things, some that make food and some that hunt for food protist
one-celled living things that have NO nucleus in their cell body bacterium
the tissue through which water and minerals move UP through a plant xylem
the layer of tissue just inside the epidermis of a plant’s roots and stems cortex
the outermost layer of plant parts such as roots and leaves epidermis
a thin covering made up of cells that protects the root tip of a plant as it grows into the soil root cap
threadlike projections from a plant root that absorb water and dissolved minerals from the soil root hairs
tissue through which food from the leaves moves DOWN through a plant phloem
a layer that separates the xylem from the phloem. This is where new xylem and phloem grow cambium
the part of the plant cell that contains chlorophyll chloroplast
the loss of water through a plant’s leaves transpiration
the food making process in green plants that uses energy from the sun’s light plus water, chlorophyll, carbon dioxide and minerals to make food photosynthesis
the release of energy in both plants and animals from food respiration
Created by: wiker5