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Kinesiology Ch. 5

Terms for Chapter 5

Subjective information that is reported by the client
Objective the facts; what you observe
Assessment your interpretations of the facts
Neutral Pelvic Tilt equal weight distribution across the femurs in a seated position
Anterior Pelvic Tilt pelvis "dipping" forward, lifting the buttocks upward and creating a hyperlordosis in the lumbar spine
Posterior Pelvic Tilt the opposite of an anterior pelvic tilt, characterizedby the tailbone tucking beneath the body or the posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS)
Sitting Balance the ability to maintain a seated posture without falling; also ability to reach
Kyphosis an excessive curvature in the thoracic spine
Body a cylindrical mass of cancellous bone. This is the anterior and weight-bearing portion of the vertebrae. It is not palpable on the back. C1 does not have a body.
Facet or facet joint A small, flat, smooth surface on a bone.
Foramen an opening
Intervertebral foramen the opening formed by the inferior vertebral notch and the superior vertebral notch.
Lamina the portion of the vertebrae that connects the spinous process to the transverse process
Neural arch the posterior protion of the vertebrae
Pedicle the portion of the vertebral arch that lies posterior to the body and anterior to the lamina
Spinous process the posterior projection found on the neural arch that serves as an attachment point for muscles and ligaments.
Transverse process the union of the lamina and pedicle, where the ligaments and muscle attach to the spine
Vertebral foramen the opening formed by the joining of the bodies of the vertebrae
Axis the second cervical vertebrae characterized by a short protrusion known as the odontoid process or the dens
Thoracic Vertebrae 12 vertebrae that occur below the cervical spine
Lumbar Vertebrae 5 vertebrae that support the weight of the body
Sacral Vertebrae the fusion of five vertebrae posterior to the pelvis
Coccygeal Vertebrae tailbone; composed of four rudimentary vertebrae
Rib Cage composed of the sternum, the dorsal aspect of the 12 thoracic vertebrae, and the 12 ribs
Syndesmosis indicates a fibrous joint where the ligaments provide the stability
Valsalva Maneuver an invlountary action that occure during activities such as defecation, child birth, lifting, vomiting, and sneezing
Created by: Tiffany18