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Camponeschi - Cells1 (covers targets 1 & 2)

The three parts of the cell theory are... 1. all living things are composed (made) of cells. 2. cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living things. 3. all cells are produced from other cells.
organelle tiny structures in the cell that carry out specific functions for the cell.
cell wall rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cell (in plants) helps protect and support the cell.
cell membrane surrounds the cell. controls what substances enter and leave the cell.
nucleus "control center of cell" contains chromosomes (DNA)
chromosomes DNA - blueprint (instructions) for making protein
protein large molecules that form cell parts and do jobs for cell.
mitochondria produce usable energy (from sugar) for cell
endoplasmic reticulum finish making and move proteins to another part of cell
ribosomes produce proteins
golgi bodies recevie proteins and other newly formed material from endoplasmic reticulum, package these materials, and distribute them to other parts of cell or to leave the cell
chloroplasts sight of photosynthesis - using sun's energy, make sugar from carbon dioxide and water
vacuole storage area for cell
lysosome contain chemicals that break down large food particles into smaller ones. Also break down old cell parts.
semi-permeable allows some things through and not other things. the cell membrane is semi-permeable
How does the job of the nucleus relate to the job of the ribosomes? the nucleus contains DNA, which is the blueprint for how to make protein. Ribosomes use these blueprints to actually make the proteins.
How does the job of the ribosomes relate to the job of the endoplasmic reticulum? The ribosomes make the protein and the endoplasmic reticulum finish the protein and move the protein to the golgi bodies.
How does the job of the endoplasmic retiuculum relate to the job of the golgi bodies? the endoplasmic reticulum moves the newly made proteins to the golgi bodies where they are packaged and sent to another part of the cell or to leave the cell to go to another part of the body.
How does the job of the chloroplast relate to the job of the mitochondria? the chloroplasts makes sugar by photosynthesis. mitochondria take this sugar and convert (change) it into usable energy for the cell.
How did the improvement of the microscope affect our knowledge of the cell. as the microscopes improved, they were able to show us more of the cell. by being able to see more of the cell, we were able to learn more about the cell parts and how they work.
what is another word for "function?" job.
cell basic unit of structure and FUNCTION of an organism
How has technology contributed to our increasing knowledge of the cell? Better microscopes has let us see more of the cell and therefore help us learn more.
Jobs that proteins do for an organism build cell parts, speed up chemical reactions, and build, make up parts of cell membrane, build parts of organism (such as hair)
Created by: camponel