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ecology vocab

producer organisms that make their own food by performing photosynthesis
consumer don't make their own food, they eat other organisms
prey the organism that is hunted and eaten by another organism
parasite an organism that lives on and harms a host organism
host the organism that is harmed by a parasite
symbiosis a relationship in which two organisms of different species live together for a period of time
predation one animal kills and eats the other animal
parasitism a symbiotic relationship where one organism is helped while the other is harmed
secondary consumer animals that eat other animals that ate plants
herbivore animal that eats plants
omnivore eats both plants and animals
carnivore eat only other animals
ecosystem a community, its habitat, and all the relations within that habitat
niche a particular role a species has
commensalism two species interacting when one species is benefited while the other is unaffected
mutulism two species interacting and both benefit
carry capacity the maximum number of organisms the resources of an economy can support
abiotic non-living factors that affect the ability of organisms to survive
biotic living things or their materials that directly or indirectly affect an organism in its environment
limiting factors factors that determine the types and numbers of organisms of a species in an ecosystem
population number of individuals of one species in a community
competition a relationship where two types of organisms compete for the same resources such as food, water, and shelter
community all the plants and animals that live in the same habitat
organism a single living thing, that is able to grow or reproduce
energy pyramid a pyramid that shows the organisms of different trophic levels
Created by: nancyrussell