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Definition matching for highlighted words in Chapter 6

speech disorder A disorder where the person has difficulty producing sounds as well as disorders of voice quality (for example, a hoarse voice) or fluency of speech, often referred to as stuttering.
language disorder A disorder where the person has difficulty receiving, understanding, or formulating ideas and information.
receptive language disorder A disorder where the person has difficulty receiving or understanding information.
expressive language disorder A disorder where the person has difficulty formulating ideas and information.
cleft palate or lip A condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or the upper lip.
dialect A language variation that a group of individuals uses and that reflects shared regional, social, or cultural/ethnic factors.
speech The oral expression of language.
language A structured, shared, rule-governed, symbolic system for communicating.
phonology The use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words.
morphology The system that governs the structure of words.
morpheme The smallest meaningful unit of speech.
syntax Rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences.
Semantics The meaning of what is expressed.
pragmatics The use of communication in contexts.
social interaction theories Theories that emphasize that communication skills are learned through social interactions.
articulation A speaker's production of individual or sequenced sounds.
substitutions A method of articulation where a child exchanges one sound for another.
omissions A method of articulation when a child leaves a phoneme out of a word.
additions A method of articulation when students place a vowel between two consonants.
distortions Modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word.
apraxia A motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a student plans to produce speech.
pitch The rate of vibration in the vocal folds, affected by the tension and size of the vocal folds, the health of the larynx, and the location of the larynx.
duration The length of time any speech sound requires.
intensity The loudness or softness of voices, determined by the air pressure coming from the lungs through the vocal folds.
resonance The perceived quality of someone's voice, is determined by the way in which the tone coming from the vocal folds is modified by the spaces of the throat, mouth, and nose.
hypernasality A resonance trait in which air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavity on sounds other than /m/, /n/, and /ng/.
hyponasality A resonance trait in which air cannot pass through the nose and comes through the mouth instead.
fluency The rate and rhythm of speaking.
specific language impairment A language impairment that is associated with another disability.
organic disorders Disorders that are caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person.
functional disorders Disorders with no identifiable organic or neurological cause.
congenital disorder A disorder that occurs at or before birth.
acquired disorder A disorder that occurs well after birth.
oral motor exam The examination of the appearance, strength, and range of motion of the lips, tongue, palate, teeth, and jaw.
bilingual A person who uses two languages equally well.
bidialectal A person who uses two variations of a language.
System for Augmenting Language A system that focuses on augmented input of language.
Created by: tylergraves