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Forensics Test

Forensics test #1

fingerprints BCE paintings
Yi Yu Ji case burned body in a fire, used pigs to determine if it was murder or someone died in the fire
Marcello Malpighi father of fingerprints; establisded fingerprint charachteristics and recorded them
Whilhelm test for detecting poisions in bodies
Ross more precise method of testing stomach lining for poisons
Orfila father of forensic toxicology; effects on animals
Wichol invented polarized microscope
Bayard methods for detecting sperm in fluids using microscope; microcrystalline
microcrystalline presumptive test for blood
Marsh used toxicology evidence at trial
Photography first used... to record crime scenes
Bertillon Anthropometry; father of identification
Anthropomerty uses body measurements for identification
Taylor Thomas fingerprinting
Galton published a book that showed usage of fingerprinting; father of fingerprinting
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle auther of Sherlock Holmes; father of modern forensics
serology study of fluids (blood)
Landsteinger developed a way to group blood (A, B, AB, O)
Lattes perfected dried blood stains
Osborn using document examination in courts
Locard came up with the exchange principle
Exchange Principle two object will exchange materials when they come in contact
Goddard firearm examination by using comparative microscope
Project 2000 mapping the human genome
Sir Alec Jeffery developed the first DNA profiling test
Physical science unit applies technique of chemistry; physics and geology to identify and compare evidence
biology unit DNA profiling on blood stains and body fluids
firearms unit examines discharged bullets, firearms ammunition, checks garments for GSR, any tool used to commit a crime
document examination unit examines and records physical evidence
Forensic engineering failure analysis
odontology dental records
psychiatry behavior disorders; determine competency
voice print analysis unit investigators require skills of the voice print analysis unit to tie the voice
toxicology unit examines body tissures and organs
latent fingerprint processes and examines evidence
polygraph lie detector, essential tool of the criminal investigator
crime scene investigation unit gathers all the srime scene evidence collection into te total forensic science
forensic computer / digital analysis technological devices
Police can collect evidence decided by... Supreme court
physical evidence evidence that exhibits one of the four states of matter
four states of matter solid, liquid, gas, plasma
scientific method used to test phyiscal evidence
purpose of using scientific method ensures that evidence isnt tainted by emotion
determining admissability DC circuit court set up a standard guideline for the judicial admissibility of scientific examanations
under what circumstances is evidence allowed in court scientist must be able to be questioned on procedure, techinique, or principles. and evidence must be able to be retested and come up with the same result
expert witness an individual who the court determines to posses knowledge relevant to the trial that is not expected of the average person to know
knowledge accquired from... experience, training, and education
what happens to the expert witness asked questions intended to demonstate their ability and competence pertaining to the matter at hand
why an exoert witness is needed.. to evaluate evidence when the court lacks expertise to do so
who developed the first crime lab in the US LAPD
first national lab established by the FBI; offered forensic services to all law enforcement agencies in the country
... has the worlds largest forensic lab FBI
T/F there is a national system of labs in the US false
why should there be a national system of labs in the US? provides consistency in evidence
Created by: omjitsemma