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Leach Soc Chapter 2

Leach Sociology Terms Chapter 2

culture shared products of human groups
material culture physical objects created by human groups
nonmaterial culture abstract human creations
society group of mutually interdependent people who have organized in such a way as to share a common culture and have a feeling of unity
technology knowledge and tools people use for practical purposes
language organization of written and spoken symbols into a standardized system
values shared beliefs about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desireable or undesireable
norms shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations
folkways norms, that do not have great moral significance
mores norms that have great moral significance attached to them
laws written rules of conduct that are enacted and enforced by the government
culture trait individual tool, act or belief that is related to a particular situation or need.
culture complexes clusters, of interrelated culture traits
culture patterns combination of a number of culture complexes into an interrelated whole
cultural universals common features that are found in all human cultures
ethnocentrism tedency to view one's own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups
cultural relativism belief that cultures should be judged by their own standards
subculture group with its own unique values, norms and behaviors that exists within a larger culture
counterculture group that rejects the values, norms and practices of the larger society and replaces them with a new set of cultural patterns
Created by: CoachLeach