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q2 final

factors responsible for changes in facial markings age, enviroment, position of the body, condition of the body, heredity
types of facial markings furrow, groove, and fold
crevice in the skin furrow
elongated depression in a relatively level surface groove
a re- curved margin having grater projection than the adjacent area fold or eminence
nine natural facial markings philtrum, naso- labial fold, nasal sulcus, oblique palpebral sulcus, angulus oris eminence, angulus oris sulcus, labiomental sulcus, submental sulcus, dimples
eleven acquired facial markings naoslabial sulcus, transverse frontal sulci,intercilliary sulci, optic facial sulci,superior palpabral sulci, bucco- facial sulcus, mandibular sulcus,labial sulci, platysmal sulci, cords of then neck
border of the cheek naso- labial fold
angular area between posterior margin of nasal wing and nasolabial fold nasal sulcus
only facial marking associated with the eye. curving groove below the ineer corner of the eyelid oblique palpebral sulcus
small convex prominence lateral to the line of lip closure angulus oris eminence
horizontal groove at each end of the line of lip closure angulus oris sulcus
conjunction of the lower lip and chin which often appears as a groove or furrow labiomental sulcus
junction of base of chin and submandibular area submental sulcus
furrow originating at the superior border of the wing of the nose extending to the side of the mouth nasolabial sulcus
horizontal furrows of the forehead transverse frontal sulci
between the eyebrows intercilliary sulci
"crow's feet" furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye optic facial sulci
furrow of superior border of the upper eyelid superior palpebral sulcus
furrow of inferior border of the lower eyelid inferior palpebral sulcus
verticle furrow of the cheek same postion and shape as dimples bucco- facial sulcus
furrow beneath jawline whcih rises vertically on the cheek mandibular sulcus
verticle furrows of the lips extending from within the mucous membrane into the integumentary lip labial sulci
transverse dipping furrows of the neck platysmal sulci
verticle prominences of the neck cords of the neck
pinna ear
width of the ear 2/3 its length
primary landmark. ear passage external auditory meatus
question mark shaped. outer rim helix
orgin of the helix crus of helix
divides length of ear in hal helix
fossa between the outer and inner rim of the ear. shallowest of all depressions scapha
inner rim of the ear antihelix
bifurcation of the antihelix crura
border of the superior 1/3 of the ear inferior edge of anterior wing
depression between crura triangular fossa
anterior portion of upper 1/3 of the ear. becomes part of helix triangular fossa
concave shell of the ear. leads into external auditory meatus. occupies middle 1/3 of the ear. crus of helix in middle concha
elevation protecting the ear passage tragus
small eminence obliquely opposite of the tragus antitragus
between tragus and antitragus intertagic notch
inferior 1/3 of the ear lobe
general shape of the nose pyramid
long narrow nose leptorrhine
short wide nose. bridge does not protrude as much platyrrhine
type of nose inbetween leptorrhine and platyrrhine mesorrhine
little to no curvature of the nose straight or Greecian
outward curvature Roman nose convex
depressed or inward curve of the nose. infantine concave
shape of the base of the nose pear shaped
inside the nose but do not help shape inferior nasal conchae
how many catilages in the nose 5. 1 septum 4 lateral
protruding ridge of the nose dorsum
concavity inferior to the glabella root
end of the lobe where nose changes direction tip
lateral lobes located superior to the columni nasi wings
where greatest measurement of the nose is measured wings. 2/3 the length
superficial partition between the nostrils columni nasi
nostril openings. oval or pear shaped. located in posterior 2/3 of the nose anterior nares
sides of the nose lateral walls
furrows of the nose transverse intercilliary sulci and verticle intercilliary sulci
reddish portion of the lips. form line of lip closure when they meet superior and inferior mucus membrane
line of color change at the junction of wet and dry portion weather line
shallow, noticable wrinkles on the dry portion of the mucus membrane verticle lines
inferior integumentary lip boundries: superior inferior and lateral superior- inferior edge of the inferior mucous membrane. inferior- top of the chin. lateral- ends of the corners of the mouth
only exists when the mucous membrane come together. combination of 5 arches line of closure
covers the same area as the philtrum central plane
normally verticle from the column nasi to the upper mucous membrane. hunter's bow superior integumentary lip
recedes inferiorly from the attached margin of the lower mucous membrane to the top of the chin. elipse inferior mucous membrane
upper rim/ border of the eye socket supraorbital margin
"C" shaped curvature- anterior part of the edge dips concavely lateral rim
surface creates an "S" or sigmoid curve inferior rim
clear covering of connective tissue. the greatest projection of the eye cornea
inferior edge of the upper lid tarsus
shape of the eye almond
depression above the medial 1/3 of the superior palpebrae. deepest depression of the eye naso- orbital fossa
region between the supercillium and superior palpabrae supraorbital margin
small elevation extending medially from the medial corner of the superior palpabrae inner (medial) canthus
eyelashes cilium
eyebrow supercilium
shallow furrows of the eyelid linear sulci
Created by: kvulgaris