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Ehsani Env Laws

APES Environmental Laws

Conservation -"Controlled Use", "Scientific Management" of natural resources. "Greatest good for the greatest number of people.
Preservation -Remaining wilderness areas on public lands should be left untouched
Restoration -To bring back to former condition (Former Natural State/.Condition), active restoration seeks to reestablish a diverse, dynamic community at sited that have been degraded.
Remediation -Most often used with cleanup of chemical contaminants in a polluted area.
Mitigation -Repairing/Rehabilitating a damaged ecosystem or compensation for damage, Most often by providing a substitute or replacement area; frequently involves wetland ecosystems.
Reclamation -Typically used to describe chemical or physical manipulations carried out in severely degraded sites, such as open-pit mines or large-scale construction
Atomic Energy Act, 1954 Provides for the development and regulation of the uses of nuclear materials and facilities in the US.
Clean Air Act, CAA, 1970, 1977, 1990 Established primary and secondary air quality standards. Required states to develop implementation plans. Sets limits and goals to reduce mobile source air pollution and ambient air quality standards.
Clean Water Acts, CWA Regulates and enforces all discharge into water sources and wetland destruction/construction.
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation Liability Act, CERCLA (Superfund), 1980 Established federal authority for emergency response and clean-up of hazardous substances that have been spilled, improperly disposed, or released into the environment
Consumer Product Safety Act, CPSA Purpose is to protect the public against unreasonable risks of injury associated with consumer products.
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, CITIES Controls the exploitation of endangered species through international legislation. Bans hunting, capturing and selling of threatened species and bans the import of ivory.
Emergency Planning & Community Right-To-Know Act, EPCRA Requires reporting of toxic releases: the Toxic Release Inventory (TRI); Encourages response for chemical releases
Endangered Species Act, ESA Protects species that are considered to be threatened or endangered. Includes migratory birds and their habitats.
Energy Policy Act, EPA The Act originally publicizes radiation protection standards for the Yucca Mountain repository.
Energy Policy and Conservation Act, EPCA, 1975 Authorizes the president to draw from the petroleum reserve as well as established a permanent home-heating oil reserve in the Northeast. Clarifies when the president can draw from these resources.
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, FDA, 1938 Assures the safety, wholesomeness, efficacy, and truthful packaging and labeling of food, drugs, cosmetics, and medical devices.
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act, FIFRA Requires that all pesticides are registered and approved by the FDA and creates a pesticide registry.
Federal Water Pollution Control Act, FWPCA Authorized the surgeon general of the Public Health Service to prepare comprehensive programs for eliminating or reducing the pollution of interstate waters and tributaries and improving the sanitary condition of surface and underground waters.
Food Quality Protection Act, FQPA Set pesticide limits in food, & all active and inactive ingredients must be screened for estrogenic/endocrine effects
Hardrock Mining and Reclamation ,HMA The bill provides that the secretary of the interior will establish a royalty rate of from 2% to 5% of the value of locatable mineral production from any new mines on federal mineral lands.
Hazardous Material Transportation Act, HAZMAT Governs the transportation of hazardous materials and wastes.
International Environmental Protection Act, IEPA Authorized the president to assist countries in protecting and maintaining wildlife habitat and provides an active role in conservation by the Agency for International Development.
Kyoto Protocol, KP Agreement among 150 nations requiring greenhouse gas emission reduction.
Lacey Act, LA Prohibits the transportation of illegally captured or prohibited animals across state lines. It was the first federal law protecting wildlife. Prevents the importation or spread of potentially dangerous non-native species.
Land and Water Conservation Act, 1965 purchase of open space and parkland
Law of the Sea Convention, LOSC International agreement that sets rules for the use of the world's oceans, which cover 70 percent of the Earth's surface.
Low Level Radioactive Policy Act, LLRPA All states must have facilities to handle low level radioactive wastes
Madrid Protocol, Moratorium on mineral exploration for 50 years in Antarctica
Marine Plastic Pollution Research and Control Act, MPPRCA Regulates the dumping of wastes into oceans and coastal waters
Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act, MBHSA Requires purchase of a stamp by waterfowl hunters. Revenue generated is used to acquire wetlands. Since its inception, the program has resulted in the protection of approximately 4.5 million acres (18,000 km²) of waterfowl habitat.
Mining Act of 1872 , MA United States federal law that authorizes and governs prospecting and mining for economic minerals, such as gold, platinum, and silver, on federal public lands.
Montreal Protocol, MP Banned the production of aerosols and initiated the phase out of all CFC's.
National Appliance Energy Act, NAEA Set minimum efficiency standards for numerous categories of appliances.
National Environmental Policy Act, NEPA Council on Environmental Quality is the oversight board; directs federal agencies to take environmental consequences into account in decision making; requires EIP statement be prepared for every major federal project having environmental impact.
National Park Service Act, 1916 Created National Park system and National Park Service by creating Yosemite and Yellowstone National Parks.
Noise Control Act, 191976 Promotes a national environment free from noise that jeopardizes health and welfare. Establishes research, noise standards, and information dissemination.
Nuclear Waste Policy Act, NWPA Established a site to identify for, and construct, an underground repository for spent nuclear reactor fuel and high-level radioactive waste from federal defense programs.
Occupational Safety and Health Act, OSHA Created to protect worker and health. Ensures that employers provide their workers with an safe environment. Limits exposure to toxic chemicals, excessive noise levels, mechanical dangers, heat or cold stress, or unsanitary conditions.
Ocean Dumping Act, ODA Makes it unlawful for any person to dump or transport for the purpose of dumping sewage, sludge, or industrial waste into ocean waters.
Oil Pollution Act, OPA It states "A company cannot ship oil into the United States until it presents a plan to prevent spills that may occur. It must also have a detailed containment and cleanup plan in case of an oil spill emergency."
Pollution Prevention Act, PPA Requires facilities to reduce pollution at its source. Reduction can be in volume or toxicity.
Price-Anderson Act, 1957 limits liability of power plant owners and the government in cases of a major nuclear power plant accident
Quiet Communities Act, QCA Provides for the coordination of federal research and activities in noise control. Authorized FAA funds for development of noise abatement plans around airports.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 1976 Management of non-hazardous and hazardous solid waste including landfills and storage tanks. Set minimal standards for all waste disposal facilities and for hazardous wastes.
Safe Drinking Water Act ,SDWA The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is allowed to set the standards for drinking water quality and oversees all of the states, localities, and water suppliers who implement these standards
Soil and Water Conservation Act, SWCA Provides for a continuing appraisal of US soil, water, and related resources, including fish and wildlife habitats, and a soil and water conservation program to assist landowners.
Soil Conservation Act, SCA, 1935 Established the soil conservation service, which deals with soil erosion problems, carries out soil surveys, and does research on soil salinity.
Solid Waste Disposal Act, SWDA To find better and more efficient ways to dispose of solid waste; promotes shredding and separation of waste and burning of remaining materials to produce stream or generate electricity; promotes recycling.
Stockholm Declaration, SD United Nations Conference on Human Environment having considered the need for a common outlook and principles to inspire and guide the peoples of the world in the preservation and enhancement of the human environment.
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act, SMCRA Requires restoration of abandoned mines.
Taylor Grazing Act, TGA, 1934 Regulates grazing on federal public land.
Toxic Substances Control Act, 1976 EPA is given the ability to track the 75,000 industrial chemicals currently produced or imported into the United States.
US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1940 created to manage National Wildlife Refuge system and protect endangered species
Water Pollution Control Act, 1956 give grants to states for water treatment plants
Water Resources Planning Act, WRPA Provides for a plan to formulate and evaluate water and related land resources.
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act ,WSRA Selected rivers in the United States are preserved for possessing outstandingly, remarkable scenic, recreational, geologic, fish and wildlife, historic, cultural, or other similar values.
Wilderness Act, 1964 Allowed congress to set aside federally owned land for preservation.
Created by: ehsanip