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GA2 Anatomy MASH 4

QuestionAnswer
Give the immediate drainage of the following: (other wording – give the immediate lymphatic drainage of an infection or metastatic tumor cells located in the following areas) a)      right intestinal nodes a)      cisterna chyli of thoracic duct
Give the immediate drainage of the following: (other wording – give the immediate lymphatic drainage of an infection or metastatic tumor cells located in the following areas) b)      left deep cervical b)      thoracic duct
Give the immediate drainage of the following: (other wording – give the immediate lymphatic drainage of an infection or metastatic tumor cells located in the following areas) c)      superficial cervical nodes c)      deep cervical nodes
Give the immediate drainage of the following: (other wording – give the immediate lymphatic drainage of an infection or metastatic tumor cells located in the following areas) d)      upper limb d)      axillary nodes
Give the immediate drainage of the following: (other wording – give the immediate lymphatic drainage of an infection or metastatic tumor cells located in the following areas) e)      lower limb e)      superficial & deep inguinal nodes
Give the immediate drainage of the following: (other wording – give the immediate lymphatic drainage of an infection or metastatic tumor cells located in the following areas) f)       left bronchial nodes f)       thoracic duct
Give the immediate drainage of the following: (other wording – give the immediate lymphatic drainage of an infection or metastatic tumor cells located in the following areas) g)      deep inguinal nodes g)      external iliac nodes
Give the immediate drainage of the following: (other wording – give the immediate lymphatic drainage of an infection or metastatic tumor cells located in the following areas) h)      lower umbilical region h)      superficial inguinal nodes
Give the immediate drainage of the following: (other wording – give the immediate lymphatic drainage of an infection or metastatic tumor cells located in the following areas) i)        superficial nodes of head i)        deep cervical nodes
Give the immediate drainage of the following: (other wording – give the immediate lymphatic drainage of an infection or metastatic tumor cells located in the following areas) j)        right lumbar nodes j)        cisterna chyli of thoracic duct
Besides the submandibular (submaxillary) and auricular nodes, name 4 superficial groups of nodes in the head Parotid, submental, occipital, superficial cervical, (6 total)
Besides conducting lymph, list 2 different functions of the lymphatic system Immune defense, absorbs and transports fats
Where EXACTLY does the thoracic duct end (as determined by flow)? (Venous system function at) the junction of L. subclavian and L internal jugular vein
Fat-laden lymph Chyle
Define: spinal segment A portion of spinal cord to which a spinal nerve attaches
Area of the DIENCEPHALON that contains the pineal gland Epithalamus
The fornix is a group of fibers which begins in the hippocampus and terminates on the _________ Mamillary bodies/mamillary nuclei of hippocampus
Group of fibers that connects the medulla and cerebellum Inferior cerebellar peduncle
The superior and inferior colliculi (corpora quarigemini) are specifically located in the ______ portion of the _____ Tectum (dorsal portion of midbrain)
Cranial nerve that supplies taste to the anterior 2/3rds of tongue Facial nerve (CN VII)
Cerebrospinal fluid flows from the 4th ventricle into the ______ through the medial and lateral apertures. Cerebellomedullary cistern
Portion of the cerebral cortex that is involved in judgment, personality, and emotions Prefrontal cortex
Portion of the medulla where corticospinal fibers are located Pyramids
Thalamic nucleus that sends information to visual cortex Lateral geniculate body
Consider a hemidissection of the RIGHT T4 spinal cord. In which area of the body would you expect the following deficits? _____ pain _____ discriminating touch _____ voluntary motor a.R Arm b.L Arm c.R Leg d.L Leg Pain – c ? Disc. touch – c ? Voluntary motor – c ?
Consider a hemidissection of the left T5 spinal cord. In which area of the body would you expect the following deficits? _____pain ___discriminating touch _____voluntary motor a. R arm b. L arm c. R leg d. Pain – c Disc. touch – d Voluntary motor – d
Consider a hemidissection of the right L1 spinal cord. In which area of the body would you expect the following deficits? _____ discriminating touch _____ pain? _____ voluntary motor a. R arm b. L arm c. R leg d. L leg Disc. touch – c Pain – d Voluntary motor – ?
Consider a lesion in the right internal capsule. a.pain b. discriminating touch c. voluntary motor control d. no deficits expected What deficits are expected in the left leg? Left leg – a,b,c
Consider a lesion in the right internal capsule. a.pain b. discriminating touch c. voluntary motor control d. no deficits expected What SENSORY deficits are expected in the right arm? Right arm - d
Where are neuron cell bodies for fibers forming fasciculus gracilis? dorsal root ganglia of T6 and below
Cranial nerves associated with the pons 5, 6, 7, 8
Cranial nerves associated with the medulla 9,10,11,12
Lateral tooth-like extensions of pia mater around the spinal cord; anchors cord to dura. (also – ‘the spinal cord is anchored laterally to the dura by the ____’) Denticulate ligament
An ovoid nucleus located at the anterior tip of the tail of the caudate, in the temporal lobe; part of the olfactory and limbic systems (also – ‘basal nucleus located at tail/inferior end of caudate nucleus’) Amygdaloid nucleus
Vascular connective tissue inside the ventricles which forms the cerebrospinal fluid Choroid plexus
Areas 3,1, 2 receive input from the ______ VPL nucleus of thalamus
Fibers from the inferior colliculus terminate on the ________ Medial geniculate
Name the collections of neuron cell bodies for the second order neuron in the general sensory pathways (nuclei or ganglia) ???
Cerebrospinal fluid is secreted into the ventricles by ______ and absorbed into the dural venous sinuses through the ______ Choroid plexus, arachnoid villi
Structure that forms/secretes CSF Choroid plexus
Name of sheet of dura mater that separates cerebellum and cerebrum Tentorium cerebelli
The C8 spinal nerve attaches to the ___ segment of the spinal cord 8th/1st thoracic
Cranial nerves attached to the midbrain CN3, CN4
Cord of pia mater extending downward from the inferior end of the spinal cord Filum terminalis
SPECIFIC name given to that part of the cerebral peduncle ventral to the substantia nigra Basal peduncle
Specific portion of midbrain through which corticospinal fibers pass Basal peduncle
IN the midbrain, corticospinal fibers are located in the ___ (be VERY specific) Middle basal peduncle
Name (NOT number) of cranial nerve that supplies motor to the muscles of mastication Trigeminal
The dural sac extends from foramen magnum to ____ 2nd sacral segment
Fibers from the RIGHT nuclei gracilis and cuneatus terminate on the _____________ Left ventral posterior nucleus of thalamus
NUCLEUS which sends fibers to area 17 of cerebral cortex Superior colliculus
All fibers terminating on area 17 have their neuron cell bodies in the ______ Lateral geniculate body
Area 17 receives fibers from ___ Superior colliculus
Level of CNS where nuclei for oculomotor nerve are located Midbrain
Fibers belonging to which general classification connect the primary and association cortices for vision? Association fibers
BASAL NUCLEUS that has both limbic and motor functions Amygdaloid
Specific landmark on spinal cord where the dorsal roots attach Dorsolateral sulcus
Specific name given to that part of midbrain located between the cerebral aqueduct and the substantia nigra Tegmentum
Area of the DIENCEPHALON that contains the substantia nigra and other motor nuclei ???
Name given to the cord of pia mater running downward from the inferior end of the spinal cord Filum terminale
Cranial nerve that is parasympathetic to the lacrimal gland VII
Fibers of the medial lemniscus terminate on the ____ VPL nucleus of thalamus
Part of brainstem which contains nuclei gracilis and cuneatus Medulla
The mamillary nucleus is one of the nuclei of the _____ Hypothalamus of diencephalon
Fibers passing from the thalamus to area 3,1,2 are part of the ___ and are classified as ____ fibers Internal capsule, projection
The neuron cell bodies of fibers comprising the spinothalamic tract are located in ______ Nucleus proprius
Name given to fiber tract running from the hippocampus to the mammillary bodies Fornix
Group of fibers that connects the pons with the cerebellum Middle cerebellar peduncle
Give the location of the inferior colliculis. Do NOT give corpora quadrigemini as your answer. On the dorsal side of the midbrain, just inf. to the sup. Colliculis
Portion of the diencephalon that contains the pineal gland Epithalamus
General function of the neostriatum Exrtrapyramidal motor
What type of fiber connects the primary auditory cortex with the auditory association cortex? Association fibers
In the three neuron pathway for general sensation, the second order neuron from the right side terminates on the ____ (give side and nucleus) Left ventral posterior nucleus of thalamus
When traveling through the medulla, the corticospinal fibers are located in the _____ Pyramids
In the absorption of CSF, the fluid moves across the arachnoid granulations FROM the A) _____ INTO the B)______ a. subarachnoid space b.dural sinus
Cranial nerves attached to the midbrain Occulomotor and trochlear
Major function of the precentral gyrus Primary motor area
The hypoglossal n. exits the brainstem between which 2 structures? Olive and pyramids
Describe the function of the corpus callosum Connects/carries info between the left and right cerebral hemispheres
What two groups of fibers terminate/synapse in the ventral posterior nucleus of the thalamus? 2nd order spinothalamic nn.; 2nd order medial lemniscus
Specific landmark on spinal cord where the ventral roots attach Ventrolateral sulcus
2 paired bumps located on the inferior aspect of the DORSAL surface of the midbrain Inferior colliculus
Specific name given to the pointed inferior end of the spinal cord at or just above L2 Conus medullaris
In the absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the CSF passes from the subarachnoid space into the A.___ via the B._____. A. Dural Sinuses B. Arachnoid Villi
The Primary Auditory cortex receives information from the ______ nucleus. Medial Geniculate
Fibers of the RIGHT fasciculus cuneatus terminate on the (left or Right)A._____, Name the nucleus B. _____ A. Right, B. ???
Structure that anchors spinal cord to the coccyx? Filum Terminale
In the general sensory pathways, all second order neurons terminate on the ________. Ventral Posterior Nucleus of the Thalamus
Which of the following nuclei are located in the midbrain? A.nucleus gracilus B. Red Nucleus C. Inferior Olive D. Superior Colliculus B. & D.
Cranial nerve (name or number) that supplies the sphincter pupillae muscle CN3 Occulomotor
LOBE in which the general sensory cortex is located? Parietal Lobe (5,7)
Fibers originating in the area of 17 and terminating on ipsilateral areas 18 & 19 are categorized as ______ fibers. Association
Dermatomes represented in fasciculus cuneatus. T6 and above
Area 17 of the cerebral cortex receiving fibers from ________. Lateral geniculate
Which of the following are considered upper motor neurons? A. Caudate Nucleus B. Red Nucleus C. Mammillary Nucleus D. amygdaloid nucleus A & B
Cranial nerve that supplies the sensory input to the carotid body and sinus? CN 9. Glossopharyngeal Nerve
Midbrain nucleus that sends fibers to the medial geniculate Inferior Colliculis
Created by: Brooke Breitbach Brooke Breitbach on 2011-07-26



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