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Nutrition Ch 9

Weight Management

behavior modification the changing of behavior by the manipulation of antecedents (cues or environmental factors that trigger behavior), the behavior itself, and consequences (the penalties or rewards attached to behavior).
brown adipose tissue masses of specialized fat cells packed with pigmented mitochondria that produce heat instead of ATP.
cellulite supposedly, a lumpy form of fat; actually, a fraud.
clinically severe obesity a BMI of 40 or greater or a BMI of 35 or greater with additional medical problems. A less preferred term used to describe the same condition is morbid obesity.
epidemic the appearance of a disease (usually infectious) or condition that attacks many people at the same time in the same region.
fad diets popular eating plans that promise quick weight loss.
gene pool all the genetic information of a population at a given time.
ghrelin a protein produced by the stomach cells that enhances appetite and decreases energy expenditure.
leptin a protein produced by fat cells under direction of the ob gene that decreases appetite and increases energy expenditure; sometimes called the ob protein.
orlistat a drug used in the treatment of obesity that inhibits the absorption of fat in the GI tract, thus limiting kcaloric intake.
serotonin a neurotransmitter important in sleep regulation, appetite control, and sensory perception, among other roles.
set point the point at which controls are set (for example, on a thermostat).
sibutramine a drug used in the treatment of obesity that slows the reabsorption of serotonin in the brain, thus suppressing appetite and creating a feeling of fullness.
successful weight-loss maintenance achieving a weight loss of at least 10 percent of initial body weight and maintaining the loss for at least one year.
weight management maintaining body weight in a healthy range by preventing gradual weight gain over time and losing weight if overweight.
Created by: daveborsemt