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Chapter 1 Terms

APES Chapter 1 Terms

An argument for the conservation of nature on the grounds that nature is beautiful and that beauty is important and valuable ot people. asthetic justification
The maximum abundance of a population or species that can be maintained by a habitat or ecosystem without degrading the ability of that havitat or ecosystem to maintain that abundance in the future. carrying capacity
An argument for the conservation of nature on the grounds that a species, an ecological community, an ecosystem, or Earth's biosphere provides specific functions necessary to the persistence of our life or of benefit to life. ecological justification
The Gaia hypothesis states (1) life has greatly altered the Earth's environment globally for more than 3 billion years and continues to do so, and (2) that these changes benefit life and that life did it on purpose. Gaia hypothesis
Urban areas with at least 8 million inhabitants Megacities
An argument for the conservation of nature on the grounds that aspects of the environment have a right to exist, independent of human desires, and that it is our moral obligation to allow them to continue or to help them persist. moral justification
Full scientific certainty is not available to prove cause and effect, we should still take cost-effective precautions to solve environmental problems when it appears to be a threat of potential serious and irreversible environmental damage. Precautionary principle
Management of natural resources and the environment with the goals of allowing the harvest of resources to remain at or above some specified level, and the ecosystem to retain its functions and structure. sustainability
An ecosystem that is subject to some human use but at a level that leads to no loss of species or of necessary ecosystem functions. Sustainable ecosystem
An amount of a resource that can be harvested at regular intervals indefinitely. Sustainable resource harvest
An argument for the conservation of nature on the grounds that the environment, an ecosystem, habitat, or species provides individuals with direct economic benefit or is directly necessary to their survival. Utilitarian justification
Created by: MrsLigon