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New York CDL Test

What is the most important reason for doing a vehicle inspection? A pre-trip inspection will help you find problems that could cause a crash or breakdown.
What things should you check during a trip? Tires, Wheels, Rims, Brakes, Lights, Reflectors, Brake, Electrical Connections to Trailer, Trailer coupling devices, Cargo securement devices
Name some key steering system parts. Tie rod, Steering Wheel, Steering Shaft, Power steering cylinder, steering arm, spindle, drag link, pitman arm, gear box, hydraulic fluid reservoir
Name some suspension system defects. Spring Hangers that allow movement of axle from proper position, missing or broken leaves in any leaf spring. If one-fourth or more are missing it will put the vehicle "out-of-service," but any defect could be dangerous. Broken leave in a multi-leaf sprin
What three kinds of emergency equipment must you have? Fire extinguishers, Spare electrical fuses, Warning Devices for parked vehicles.
What is the minimum tread depth for front tires? 4/32
Name some things you should check on the front of your vehicle during the walk around inspection?
What should wheel bearing seals be checked for?
How many red reflective triangles should you carry?
How do you test hydraulic brakes for leaks?
Why put the starter switch in your pocket during the pre-trip inspection?
Why should you back toward the driver’s side?
If stopped on a hill, how can you start moving without rolling back?
When backing, why is it important to use a helper?
What’s the most important hand signal that you and your helper should agree on?
What are the two special conditions where you should downshift?
When should you downshift automatic transmissions?
Retarders keep you from skidding when the road is slippery. True or False?
What are the two ways to know when to shift?
How far ahead does the manual say you should look?
What are the two main things to look for ahead?
What’s you most important way to see the sides and rear of your vehicle?
What does “communicating” mean in safe driving?
Where should your reflectors be placed?
What three things add up to total stopping distance?
If you go twices as fast, will your stopping distance increase by two or four times?
Empty trucks have the best braking. True of False?
What is hydoplaning?
What is “black ice”?
How do you find out how many seconds of following distance space you have?
If you are driving a 30-foot vehicle at 55 mph, how many seconds of following distance should you allow?
You should decrease your following distance if somebody is following you too closely. True or False?
If you swing wide to the left before turning right, another driver may try to pass you on the right. True or False?
What is a hazard?
Why make emergency plans when you see a hazard?
What are some tips to follow so you won’t become a distracted driver?
How do you use in-vehicle communications equipment cautiously?
How do you recognize a distracted driver?
What is the difference between aggressive driving and road rage?
What should you do when confronted with an aggressive driver?
What are some things you can do to reduce your stress before and while you drive?
You should use low beams whenever you can. True or False?
What should you do before you drive if you feel drowsy?
What effects can wet brakes cause? How can you avoid these problems?
You should let the air out of hot tires so the pressure goes back to normal. True or False?
You can safely remove the radiator cap as long as the engin isn’t over heated. True or False?
What factors determine your selection of a “safe” speed when going down a hill?
Why should you be in the proper gear before starting down a hill?
Describe proper braking technique when going down a long, steep downgrade?
What type of vehicles can get stuck on a railroad highway crossing?
How long does it take for a typical tractor-trailer unit to clear a double track?
Stopping is not always the safest thing to do in an emergency. True or False?
What are some advantages of going right instead of left around an obstacle?
What is an ”escape ramp”?
If a tire blows out, you should put the brakes on hard to stop quickly. True or False?
How do you know that your vehicle has antilock brakes?
What is the proper braking technique when driving a vehicle with antilock brakes?
How do antilock brakes help you?
What are some things to do at an accident scene to prevent another accident?
Name two causes of tire fires.
What kinds of fires is a B:C extinguisher not good for?
When using your extinguisher, should you get as close as possible to the fire?
Name some causes of vehicle fires.
Common medicines for colds can make you sleepy. True or False?
What should you do if you become sleepy while driving?
Coffee and a little fresh air will help a drinker sober up. True or False?
What is a hazardous materials placard?
Why are placards used?
What is “sleep debt”?
What are the danger signals of drowsy driving?
What four things related to cargo are drivers responsible for?
How often must you stop while on the road to check your cargo?
How is Gross Combination Weight Rating different from Gross Combination Weight?
Name two situations where legal maximum weights may not be safe.
What can happen if you do not have enough weigh on your front axle?
What is the minimum number of tie downs for any flat bed load?
what is the minimum number of tie downs for a 20 foot load?
Name the two basic reasons for covering cargo on an open bed?
What must you check before transporting a sealed load?
Why must air brakes be drained?
What is a supply pressure gauge used for?
All vehicles with air brakes must have a low air pressure warning signal. True or False?
What are spring brakes?
Front wheel brakes are good under all conditions. True or False?
How do you know if your vehicle is equipped with antilock brakes?
What is a dual air brake system?
What are slack adjusters?
How can you check slack adjusters?
How can you test the low pressure warning signal?
How can you check that the spring brakes come on automatically
What are the maximum leakage rates?
Why should you be in the proper gear before going down a hill?
what factors can cause brakes to fade or fail?
The use of brakes on a long, steep downgrade is only a supplement to the braking effect of the engine. True or False?
If you are away from the vehicle only a short time, you do not need to use the parking brake. True or False?
How often should you drain air tanks
How do you brake when you drive a tractor trailer combination with ABS?
You still have normal brake functions if your ABS is not working. True or False?
What two things are important to prevent rollover?
When you turn suddenly while pulling doubles, which trailer is most likely to turn over?
why should you not use the trailer hand brake to straighten out a jackknifing trailer?
What is offtracking?
When you back a trailer, you should position your vehicle so you can back in a curved path to the drivers side. True or False?
What type of trailers can get stuck on railroad-highway crossings?
Why should you not use the trailer hand valve while driving?
Describe what the service line is for.
What is the emergency air line for?
Why should you use chocks when parking a trailer without spring brakes?
Where are the shut-off valves?
What might happen if the trailer is too high when you try to couple?
After coupling, how much space should be between the upper and lower fifth wheel?
You should look into the back of the fifth wheel to see if it is locked onto the kingpin. True or False?
To drive you need to raise the landing gear only until it just lifts off the pavement. True or False?
How do you know if your trailer is equipped with antilock brakes?
Which shut-off valves should be open and which closed?
How can you test the air that flows to all trailers?
How can you test the tractor protection valve?
How can you test the trailer emergency brakes?
How can you test the trailer service brakes?
Created by: 591424202