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Laws and protocols

First major environmental legislation. Must evaluate impacts of project prior to undertaking NEPA. National Environmental Policy Act 1970
Protects wildlife and plants in danger of becoming extinct and their habitat. • Once a species is listed: Illegal to kill or destroy the habitat of a listed species; If species recovers, de-list species (bald eagle no longer endangered) National Endangered Species Act, 1973 (ESA)
Purpose is to restore and maintain physical, chemical, and biological integrity of nation’s waters. Industries discharging wastes must have permit and meet federal standards Clean Water Act, 1972
Designed to protect quality of drinking water (surface and groundwater sources) from public water systems Safe Drinking Water Act 1974
Initiatives research and development program for air pollution control Clean Air Act 1990
• Fund to clean up abandoned hazardous waste sites • EPA tries to find responsible parties than sues to recover money Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund)
Identifies hazardous waste and tracks it throughout its life (generation, transport, disposal - cradle to grave approach) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
• Develop data regarding effects of chemicals on human health/environment • Know risks of chemical prior to it sale Toxic Substances Control Act (ToSCA)
To minimize effects of surface mining upon landscape. Overseen by states, decide if land can be mined. Lands must support pre-mining or better use, Prime farmland must be restored to equal or higher level Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act, 1977
Forbids interstate commerce in illegally killed wildlife Lacy Act 1900
Protects waterways to promote commerce Rivers and harbors act 1899
Can’t dump industrial waste or sewage into ocean after 1991 ocean dumping ban 1988
• Preserves wilderness areas to provide opportunities for solitude • To qualify as a wilderness, human imprints in area must be unnoticeable US Wilderness act
• Agencies to coordinate with teach other to make sure wildlife receive consideration during planning/construction of major projects (dams, etc.) Fish and Wildlife coordination Act
Policy regarding concept of multiple land use (ex: Forest Service lands) Federal Land Policy Management Act (FLPMA)
• To protect humans/environment from pesticides • Pesticides must be registered, classified, labeled, and properly used Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
• Set new standards for way EPA regulates pesticides (must be reasonable certain pesticides used on foods are not harmful) Food Quality Protection Act, 1996
• Disposal sites (repositories) for high-level radioactive waste should be developed Nuclear Waste Policy Act
• States have responsibility to deal with low-level radioactive waste Low Level Radioactive Policy Act
• Moratorium on mineral exploration for 50 years in Antarctica Madrid Protocol
International agreement meant to regulate trade of wild animals/plants so as not to threaten their survival Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITIES)
• Controlling global warming by setting greenhouse gas emissions targets for developed countries • Many developing nations not participating Kyoto Protocol, 1997
• Phase-out of ozone deleting substances (CFC’s down 50% by year 2000) • Some developing nations not participating Montreal Protocol 1987
Created by: FHSAPES