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General Science: History

Science An endeavor dedicated to the accumulation and classification of observable facts in order to formulate general laws about the natural world.
Papyrus An ancient form of paper, made from a plant of the same name.
Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes Viewed as first real scientists.
Leucippus and Democritus Ancient Greek scientists who proposed all matter was really made of little units called "atoms".
Density How tightly packed the matter in a substance is.
Classification Ordering facts in a reasonable and systematic way.
Spontaneous generation The idea that living organisms can be spontaneously formed from non-living substances.
Aristotle Father of life sciences - also believed in spontaneous generation.
Ptolemy Thought the earth was the center of the universe and the planets and stars orbited about the earth in a series of circles. Also called the Ptolemaic system or geocentric system and does not move.
Geocentric The thought that the earth was at the center of the universe and does not move.
Alchemy A way by which lead (or other inexpensive substance) could be transformed into gold or other precious substances).
Robert Grosseteste Father of the scientific method.
Heliocentric The thought that the sun is at the center of everything and the assumption that all of the planets, including the earth, travel around the sun.
Nicolaus Copernicus Believed the sun was at the center of everything and assumed that all of the planets traveled around the sun. Also called the heliocentric system or Copernican system.
Johannes Kepler Used mathematical data to support the heliocentric system and found the oval or ellipse pattern the planets use to travel around the sun.
Galileo Galilei Compiled evidence to support the heliocentric view, even though the Roman Catholic church forced him to stop officially promoting the view.
Sir isaac Newton Laid down three laws of motion, laws of gravity, developed calculus and showed white light is composed of many different colors of light. One of the greatest scientists of all time.
Robert Boyle Founder of modern chemistry.
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier Credited with what came to be known as the Law of Mass Conservation.
Law of Mass Conservation Matter cannot be created or destroyed. It can only change form.
John Dalton His work was related to atoms - founder of modern atomic theory.
Charles Darwin Known for his theory of evolution, which explains how we got here without reference to a creator.
Immutability of the species The mistaken idea that living creatures cannot change.
Louis Pasteur Destroyed the idea of spontaneous generation and was known for his work with vaccines.
Gregor Mendel Known for his study of reproduction or genetics.
Genetics The study of how traits are passed on from parent to offspring.
James Maxwell Founder of modern physics.
James Joule Came up with First Law of Thermodynamics.
First Law of Thermodynamics Energy cannot be created of destroyed. It can only change forms.
Niels Bohr Developed a picture of the atom and even had a model named after him.
Albert Einstein Known for his theory of relativity and quantum mechanics.
Created by: Aimee2728