Performance History II Final
|Off-Broadway Movement ||1959 Ford Foundation Grants
1965 The NEA
Questions/Goal - Relationship between theatrical forms and reality.
Connection btw. actor and character.
Role of the audience.
Is art a social function?
(Lincoln Center, 1965 example for not-for-profit theate|
|Off-Off Broadway ||October 1960, Ubu Roi at Greenwich Village Theater
Coined by Jerry Talmer
|Regional Theater Movement ||Stage 47 in Dallas, TX / Margo Jones
Alley Theater in Huston / Nina Vance
Arena Stage in D.C. / Zelda Fitzcandler
Actor's Workshop in San Francisco / Irving Blau|
|Living Theater ||1947 - Judith Molina and Julian Beck
Mission: To aid the audience to become a congregation of choral ecstasy of reading and response.
Social problem plays and "Paradise Now"
|Judson Dance Theater ||Progressive politics form 1930s to 60s
Visual art and dance art
200 dances from 1962 to -64
|Postmodern Dance METHODS ||Formalist
Disruption of formalist power
Move away from personal style and imitation of masters
Other media / found material
Whatever aleatory methods of indeterminacy |
|Yvonne Rainer ||NOT MARTHA GRAHAM
No anything, ever....except for formalism.
|Nigeria ||Independence in 1960 from Britain.
250 ethnic groups
Glee group singing and play
|South Africa ||Protest plays - Athel Thugard
Independent 1910 and Apartheid ends in 1990.|
|Egungun Festival ||(Nigeria)
Planting season (spring)
Means "bone" of "skeleton"
Refers to the collective spirits of ancestors.
Priests invoke ancestors with costumes, drumming and improvisation and drugs.
Informal setting - circle of people outside...in the dirt...|
|Alarinjo Theater ||17th C.
Court of Oyo Yoruba kingdom.
Secret guild system for training.
Dance spectacle to show off money.|
|Yoruba Opera ||Alarinjo and music hall from England
Glee-Group signing, play (satire or topical story with dialogue, ends with glee singing).
Known story based off of conventions.
Contemporary: 1980s 120 companies
Mix of traditional and modern and Yoruba and englis|
|Hubert Ogunde ||Founder of Yoruba.
Wrote plays and professional company
Plays: "The Garden of Eden and the Throne of God" and "Strike and Hunger"
Form (refernce Yoruba Opera card)|
|John Osborne ||1929 - 1994
"Look Back in Anger" - 1956 known as angry monologue
Angry Young Men - school writing
Questioned the class system.
|Joan Littlewood ||1914 - 2002 (Theater Workshop)
-> Founded in 1945 to offset commercial theater in London.
Ex: "Oh What A Lovely War" - Questioned WW1 and WW2|
|Devised Theater ||Political Objectives:
Theater isn't text-based
|Harold Pinter ||1930 - 2009
"The Dumb Waiter"
Characterized by "Pinteresque pause, silence, subtext, undefined danger and realistic setting"
Temporal echoes "Battle rapping"|
Francesco Leonetto Tisch