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MVMS Chesapeake Bay

Estuary A partially enclosed body of water with a mixture of salt and fresh water-It is a basin where a river meets the ocean.
Watershed An area of land from which rain and snowmelt drains into a river, stream, or other body of water
Phytoplankton Microscopic aquatic plants that make their own food through the process of photosynthesis
Marsh A grassy wetland without trees that is usually seasonally flooded or wet
Sediment Soil, silt, and other material that is suspended in water and eventually settles to the bottom
Tributary A stream or river that feeds into a larger body of water
Nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus)- Essential for all living organisms-Too many can be bad because they cause algae blooms
SAV Submerged aquatic vegetation- Rooted underwater plants that grow in shallow zones where light penetrates
Point source Pollution that comes from a single, identifiable source
Nonpoint source Pollution that does not come from a single easily identifiable source
Zooplankton Microscopic aquatic animals that cannot make their own food
Brackish A mixture of fresh and salt water
Runoff Water that has washed off the land into rivers and streams
Salinity A measure of the saltiness in water
Turbidity Cloudiness of the water due to suspension of silt or sediment
Dissolved oxygen Microscopic bubbles of oxygen that are mixed in water
Algae bloom A population explosion of algae due to high levels of nutrients in the bay-Blocks sunlight from reaching SAV, causing them to die.
Photosynthesis The process by which plants use carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight and make oxygen and their own food (glucose/sugar)
Created by: bonniehodder