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science cat 5

study 4 science cat 5

How do you identify what has a higher elevation on a topographic map? You look at the contour interval.
What process creates metamorphic rocks? It gets created by high pressure.
What process creates sedimentary rocks? It gets created by cementation and compaction.
What process creates an igneous rock? The cooling of lava or magma creates igneous rock.
What layer has the most plasticity? Asthenosphere has the most plasticity.
Which layers make up the mantle? The lithosphere, asthenosphere, and mesosphere make up the mantle.
What is the outer most layer of the Earth? Lithosphere is the outermost layer of the Earth.
What layer is right below the lithosphere? The asthenosphere is right below the lithosphere.
What type of crust will subduct under another and why? Oceanic will subduct under continental crust because it is more dense.
What land feature is formed by a divergent boundary? Mountains are formed at divergent boundaries.
What might happen to organisms after a devastating change has occurred? The organisms might die and secondary succession would have to take place again.
What is a producer? An organism at the very bottom of the food chain that is an autotroph, which means it makes it's own food without consuming another organism.
What is a consumer? A consumer is any organism that gets its energy from another organism, consumer or producer.
What are prey? An organism that is hunted and consumed by another organism, called the predator.
What is a predator? An organism that hunts another organism for energy is a predator.
What is commensalism? Commensalism is a symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is not affected.
What is mutualism? Mutualism is a symbiotic relationship in which both organisms are beneficial.
What is parasitism? Parasitism is a symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is harmed.
What is a food chain? A food chain is one pathway of energy in an ecosystem.
What is a food web? A more complex representation of energy flow in an ecosystem, and it consists of all different food chains found within that particular ecosystem.
What is a primary consumer? A consumer that consumes producers is a primary consumer.
What is a secondary consumer? A consumer that consumes primary consumers is a secondary consumer.
What is a decomposer? An organism that breaks down the dead and decayed matter in an ecosystem is a decomposer.
What is a scavenger? A scavenger is a type of decomposer that feeds off of dead and decayed matter.
What is a herbivore? An organism that eats only plants.
What is an omnivore? An organism that consumes both plants and animals.
What is a carnivore? An organism that eats only other animals.
What is a species? A classification of animals.
What is a population? The amount a certain species in an ecosystem.
What is a community? A group of species living together in one common area.
What is an ecosystem? A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
What is a habitat? A home for a certain species is a habitat.
What is a niche? An organism's role in an ecosystem is it's niche.
What is an environment? A combination of both biotic and abiotic factors in which an organism lives.
What is the effect of an artificial reef? More fish get homes.
What are the effects of overfishing? It disrupts the food web, unbalancing the entire ecosystem.
What are the effects of runoff? The effects of runoff are that the water gets disrupted.
Why would an organism compete for biotic factors? They need them to live.
Why would an organism compete for abiotic factors? Because those are also necessary for life.
Created by: ravithebeast