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itgs vocab

robot a device that responds to a sensory input; program that runs automatically without human intervention
android a robot or synthetic organism that is designed to act like a human
cyborg a being with both artificial and biological components
sensors device that measures a physical quantity and converts it into a signal which can be read by an observer or instrument
input sensor detect what is going one in the environment
field space allocated for a particular item of information. (example: a tax form contains a number of fields for your name, social security number, address, etc.) In a database they are the smallest units of information. Are also called cells.
key field field or set of field of a database (generally relational database) table which together form a unique identifier for a database record (table entry). Aggregate of these field is usually referred to simply as "the key"
record also known as a row. each row in a table represents a set of related data, and every row in the table has the same structure
search to locate something you don't know the exact url for. (enter key terms into search bar)
query request for information from a database. has three general methods. basically a "question" you ask the database, and the database locates the answer.
sort arranges data in alphabetic or numeric order based on values in one or more fields.
database management system a collection of programs that enables you to store, modify, and extract information form a database. ranges from small systems that run on personal computers to huge systems that run on mainframes
mail merge feature supported by many word processors that enable you to generate mass letters with different information
flat file database simple database system in which each database is contained in a single table.
relational database opposite of flat file database. able to use multiple tables to store information, each table can have a different record format.
data redundancy some data are stored twice or that can be derived from other data. extra memory is taken up.
data integrity process of ensuring that a database remains an accurate reflection of the real world application it is modeling.
data mining a class of database applications that look for hidden patterns in a group of data that can be used to predict future behavior.
personal information manager PIM, type of software application designed to help users organize random bits of information.
absolute reference reference to a particular cell or group of cells that does not change, even if the shape or size of spreadsheet does.
active cell cell in spreadsheet that is available for data manipulation.
auto sum sample utility developed to emulate excel auto sum when you select range of cells and a value is given. (will automatically add up selected cells)
cell reference column number and row letter of a cell.
cell each indiviual box on a spreadsheet
cell format way in which result or data in cell is displayed
column vertical row of cells
label descriptive text placed in a cell
macro symbol, name, or ket that represents a list of commands.
range one or more contiguous cells (selected cells)
relative reference to a cell by indicating how far away it is from another.
replicate creating and managing duplicate version of a database
row horizontal group of cells
selecting highlighting only a certain amount of cells in a spreadsheet to work on.
sheet tabs are found at the bottom of the worksheet; allows navigation between sheets.
template something that establishes or serves as a pattern for reference.
value added to any product or service as the result of a particular process.
workbook entire spreadsheet file
worksheet table of values arranged in rows and columns
what if questions involves changing data used in excel to give different answers
formatting changing appearance of a document
spell check checks for correct spelling
grammar check checks gramamar
ASCII/Unicode American Standard Code for Information Interchange; represents English characters and numbers, each of which are assigned a number from 0 to 127.
PDF Used to dosplay Adobe System documents
RTF Standardized formalized for specifying formatting of documents
ergonomics science concerned with designing safe and comfortable machines for humans
text words, sentences, paragraphs, any typed thing.
page layout refers to actual document page and its composition
word processing using a computer to create, edit, and print documents
white space blank space; unprinted area of a piece of printing
software application computer software designed to help the user to perform singular or multiple related specific tasks. (examples: enterprise software, accoutning software, office suits, graphics software, and media players)
shareware software provided to user without payment on a trial basis. is often limited by any combination of functionality, availability, or convenience. offered as download from internet website or as compact disc included with a periodical.
public domain refers to ideas, information, and works that are publicly available, but in intellectual property law (copyrights, patents, trademarks) ____ refers to works, ideas, and information which are intangible to private ownership.
freeware computer software available at no cost or for optional fee. almost always proprietary (privately owned)
commercial software aka payware. computer software that is produced for sale or that serves commercial purposes.
integrated software software for personal computers that combines the most commonly used function of many productivity software programs into one applications.
user manual a user guide of user’s guide, also commonly known as a manual, if a technical communication document intended to give assistance to people using a particular system.
registration card a card that gives identity to a particular person as well as a document certifying as an act of registering
serial number a number assigned for identification.
warranty an agreement between buyer and seller of goods of services detailing the conditions under which the seller will make repairs or fix problems without cost to the buyer.
copyright the legal right guaranteed to an author, composer, playwright, or distributor to exclusive publication, production, sale or distribution of a literary, musical, dramatic, or artistic work.
license (single user) restricted to one single user, owned by the license, not allowed to copy or install the software to another machine.
license (multi user) not allowed to copy or install the software to another machine
license (site license) permits installation of software on a specified number of computers within an organization, multiple users can use them simultaneously.
compression permits installation of software on a specified number of computers within an organization, multiple users can use the software simultaneously.
decompression compression data must be decompressed to be used, which may be detrimental to some applications.
back-up a copy of one or more files created as an alternate in case the original data is lost or becomes unusable. You could save to backup files on your computer, a USB drive, or outside storage device.
backdoor trapdoor. a method of bypassing normal authentication securing remote access to computer, obtaining access to a plaintext, etc. while remaining undetected.
upload transmit data to central computer/location from a secondary computer or network
download transmit data from central computer/location to smaller computer or network
wizard utility that helps application run or system administrator of a chat room
GUI (graphical user interface) Takes advantage of the computer’s graphical ability to make a program easier to use.
command-line interface Every program that interacts with people responds to a specific set of commands. The set of commands and the syntax for entering them is called the user-interface and varies from one program to another.
voice recognition the field of computer science that deals with designing computer systems that recognize spoken words.
text-deskilling to mechanize or computerize a job or process to such an extent that little human skill is required to do it.
Created by: itgsths