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Choir cards

choir cards

Accelerando gradually accelerating or getting faster
Molto a great deal, extremely
Subito at once, imeadiatly
Rallantando gradual slowing of the temp
Flat indicating that the pitch should be lowered half a step
Sharp raises the pitch half a step
Ledger Lines lines that extend the staff
Accidental indicates that the pitch of the staff should be altered by one or two steps
Natural shows that the note should be played unaltered
A Capella sung or played without accompianment
Ritardando gradually delay the temp
Grand Staff shows both the treble clef and the bass clef with a common line in the middle showing middle C
Chromatic Scale a scale that divides the octaves into semi-tones
Key Signature shows how many sharps flat or naturals are the a given composition
Time Signature a symbol placed at left side of the staff indicating meter of the composition
Crescendo to smoothly increase the volume of a phrase
Decrescendo to smoothly decrease the volume of a phrase
Scale a series of notes in ascending or descending order.
Forte Loud
Piano Softly
Pick-up note notes that precede that first strong beat
tutti the opposite of solo
adagio a slow tempo
allegro a fast tempo
Vivace lively
Andante a moderate tempo
Solo sung or played alone
Tenuto To hold a note longer than its duration
Whole note 4 beats
Da Capo To go back to the beginning of the composition
Accent A stress or special emphasis on a beat
Dal Segno Go back to the sign
Half note 2 beats
Treble clef also known has G clef, shows where G is on the staff
Quarter note 1 beat in 4/4 time
Bass clef also known as F clef, shows where F is on the staff
Eighth note 1/2 a beat
Chorale 4 voice harmony
A tempo to go back to the original tempo
Espressivo to play or sing with expression
Enharmonic same note different way to say it ex. A flat is the same as G#
First Ending repeated section
Second Ending a repeated section that is different from the first ending
Composer The person who writes music
Classical Era Music that was written in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Composers include Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven
Baroque Era 1600-1750 C.E. Johann Sebastian Bach George Handel
Renaissance Era 15th-16th centuries Thomas Weelkes Thomas Morley
Romantic Era ending around 1900 following the classical era Franz Shubert & Richard Wagner
Middle Ages 600 C.E. until 1450 C.E
Melody a tune a succession of tones the dominant tune
Harmony the combination of notes sounded simultaneously to produce chords
Countermelody A second but subordinate melodic line
Consonance an accord of sounds sweet & pleasing to the ear
Dissonance two notes sounded together which are discordant
Improvisation performing music without preparation
Intonation the term referring to the proper production of tome so that it is exactly in tune
Octave an interval spanning seven diatomic degrees. C to C
Descant an early form of harmony in the medieval era, the soprano voice
Presto very quickly
Mass the central service of the Roman Catholic Church
Solfege singing exercises to the syllables of solmization. Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Ti Do
Interval distance between two pitches
Created by: annakathleen