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Digestive and Urinary System

Nothing by mouth NPO, n.p.o.
Barium enema BE
Twice a day b.i.d.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ERCP
Hydrochloric acid HCI
Irritable Bowel Syndrome IBS
After Meals p.c.
An enzyme that breaks starch down into smaller carbohydrate molecules amylase
The orange-yellow pigment of bile; formed principally by the breakdown of hemoglobin in red blood cells after the termination of their normal life span bilirubin
The shortest, widest, and most fixed portion of the small intestine, taking an almost circular course from the pyloric valve of the stomach so that its termination is close to its starting point duodenum
The irrigation, or washing out, of the stomach with sterile water or a saline solution gastric lavage
The distal portion of the small intestine extending from the jejunum to the cecum ileum
Word part meaning bile bil/i or chol/e
Word part meaning gallbladder cholecyst/o
Word part meaning intestines enter/o
A protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm is called a: Hiatal hernia
How many teeth are there in the primary dentition? 20
Which of the following terms describes the audible abdominal sound caused by hyperactive intestinal peristalsis? Borborygmus
The liver stores excess glucose as: glycogen
What is the medical name for canker sores Herpetic stomatitis
The cup-shaped end of a renal tubule containing a glomerulus Bowman's Capsule
An abnormal stone formed in the body tissues by an accumulation of mineral salts calculus
The cup-shaped division of the renal pelvis through which urine passes from the renal tubules calyx
A ball-shaped collection of very tiny, coiled, and intertwined capillaries, located in the cortex of the kidney glomerulus
The functional units of the kidneys nephrons
The central collecting part of the kidney renal pelvis
This means cloudy turbid
External opening of urethra urinary meatus
The act of eliminating urine from the bladder micturition
Word part meaning thirst dips/o
Outer region of the kidney renal cortex
Reabsorbtion takes place here renal tubules
Abnormal backflow of urine Vesicoureteral reflux
Caused by the distention of the renal pelvis and calyces due to urine that cannot exit into the ureters Hydronephrosis
Created by: laurenx3