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Pathology QIII:QI

Diseases of the Blood

the liquid portion of blood plasma
3 types of blood cells suspended in blood plasma red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets (thrombocytes)
cell type which carries oxygen to tissues of the body and removes carbon dioxide red blood cells
erythrocytes red blood cells
leukocytes white blood cells
cell type important in the body's defense mechanisms, especially phagocytosis and antibody formation white blood cells
cell type involved in the process of clot formation platelets
another name for platelets thrombocytes
refers to a decrease in the number of red blood cells/hemoglobin anemia
disease resulting in a diminished supply of oxygen to the tissues of the body anemia
signs and symptoms of this disease include weakness, fatigue, shortness of breath, and light headedness anemia
type of anemia characterized by decreased production of red blood cells primary anemia
type of anemia characterized by increased loss or destruction of red blood cells (hemolytic) secondary anemia
a type of anemia resulting from lack of Vitamin B12 (an intrinsic factor is lacking). Is this a primary or secondary anemia? pernicious anemia, primary anemia
signs and symptoms of this type of anemia are a smooth, red, painful tongue, and damage to the nervous system pernicious anemia
type of anemia characterized by a virtual stoppage of red blood cell production in the bone marrow, is this a primary or secondary anemia? aplastic anemia, primary anemia
this type of anemia may result from radiation poisoning aplastic anemia
type of anemia characterized by abnormal crescent-shaped red blood cells, primary or secondary anemia? sickle-cell anemia, secondary anemia
type of anemia where there is a blood incompatibility between mother and fetus, primary or secondary anemia? erythroblastosis fetalis, secondary anemia
refers to an increase in the number of circulating white blood cells leukocytosis
a malignancy of the hemopoietic tissues in the body and is sometimes referred to as cancer of the blood leukemia
decrease in white blood cells leukopenia
increase in the number of blood cells in the body polycthemia
increase in red blood cells erythrocytosis
hereditary bleeding disorder characterized by a greatly prolonged clotting time for blood hemophilia
decreased number of platelets (thrombocytes) in the blood, leads to a tendency to hemorrhage thrombocytopenia
when Factor VIII is missing, it causes hemophilia ____ A
when Factor IX is missing, it causes hemophilia ___ B
hemophilia B is also known as Christmas disease
widespread, spontaneous hemorrhages into the skin and mucous membranes purpura
bruse-like patches of hemorrhage under the skin ecchymosis
small, red spots of hemorrhage often described as pinpoint hemorrhages petechiae
Created by: amyziolkowski