Busy. Please wait.

Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know (0)
Know (0)
remaining cards (0)
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

HUM1b midterm

Judaism at the start of the common era part one - Jewish temples destroyed by the babylonian empires - Persians take over and allow jews to rebuild temple/reform -alexandrian empire spreads greek there -ptolemy rulers tolerate judaism -seleucids do not. temple desecrated
Judaism at the start of the common era part two -maccabean revold overthrows seleucids. (hanukkah)
Roman religions at the start of the common era mystery cults, mithraism, cult of the emperor
mystery religions - Eleusinian mysteries - demeter and persephone mythology - dionysian mysteries
Mithraism was popular with the... roman army
Cult of the emperor began... after death of julius caesar, Augustus
Features of the Christian Scriptures (new testament) Written in Greek, assembled over time, like a library: biography, history, letters, sermons, apocalypses, catechism, church-order manual. No writings from the time of Jesus
Parts of the Christian Scriptures (new testament) - Gospels (4 total - Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) - Epistles (letters) - Acts
The Jesus Movement - first followers considered themselves devout jews - paul = pharisee - movement breaks away from jewish roots after 70 CE - rome becomes more hospitable while jerusalem becomes less hospitable
Plato Vs Augustine Good = God Forms = Ideas in god's mind Reason as the source of knowledge = faith and reason as divine illumination right reason = rightly ordered love
Earthly city Vs. City of God Earthly city = looking at the world sans enlightenment City of God = An extended metaphor offering a rethinking of the appropriate point of view to hold toward the meaning of life and how to live it for a Christian believer
How does one remove themselves from God or "the good?" By loving the wrong damn thing
Religion A recognition on the part of humans of some higher, unseen power as having control of their destinies
Theology the study of the divine nature and its properties according to specified doctrine
Orthodoxy A particular set of beliefs within a system that is absolutely correct, and anything deviating from these beliefs, even minutely, is absolutely wrong.
Heresy A doctrine, principle or set of principles at variance with established or accepted principles; especially an opinion or opinions contrary to the established religious faith
Catacombs Used to bury christian bodies because the roman empire would cremate them
Early Christian Art pieces (2) 1. Arch of Constantine (4th century Rome, marble) - Shows christians chose to incorporate the vulger style which was civic 2. Apse Mosaic, Santa Pudensiana, 4th Century, Rome - Jesus' beard a teacher, a scholar, father figure. Halo from 4th C on.
The four Evangelists and their animals Mark - lion Luke - Ox John - eagle Matthew - winged angel
Byzantine art piece (1) 1. San Vitale mosaic of emperor justinian (5th C, Ravenna) - shown between the military and the church. he is the head of the church.
Barbarians included... Ostrogoths (italy), Vandals (Africa), Visigoths (Spain), Franks and Burgundians (gaul), Angles and Saxons (britain), Magyars (Hungary)
Tufa volcanic soil in catacombs
Loculi Carved shelves for bodies in catacombs
Vulgar Style "common man" style - civic style of human depiction for late empire
Parthian style frontal, large eyes, slight contrapposto
Martyrium memorial structure
clerestory reaised roof over main aisle to allow light and air to enter in a basilica
pallium tunic-like garment
sasanian empire great persian empire to teh east
cruciform plan a cross with arms of equal length
oran hands reaised with palms up
paten plate/tray with eucharistic bread
pendentive inverted triangle that functions as the transition between the square base and round dome
squinch corner niche the functions as the transition between the square base and round dome
codex bound book
icon devotional panel with a portrait of a saint
Justinian code Based on abstract principles of justice, had three parts (digest, institutes and a textbook), roman law one of 3 still widely used, wanted to reconquer the west
Feudalism structure Lords (particians) - promise to provide for and support the vassals vassals - fight for the prince managers - manage for the prince serfs - work for the prince clergy - lived in monastaries, didn't fight, but were always available for care
Patrician land-owner
Plebian one who does not own land
why did patricians leave the main cities? Their cities came under siege. They took their people and started feudalism. This is why the roman empire melts away instead of exploding; all the important people left
Mosaic made of color stone or glass or tile
Early images of christ (3) 1. Apse mosaic Christ 2. Good shepherd figurine (300 centurey, rome, marble) - no beard, motif of jesus with the lamb 3. Good shepherd sarcophagus (4th Century rome, marble) christ with a beard AND the lamb)
Parts of a basilica - nave = center - aisles - apses at either end - entrances
Sunni a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad
Shia a member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
Sufi Muslim mystic
the five pillars of islam Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad; Establishment of the daily prayers; Concern for and almsgiving to the needy; Self-purification through fasting; and The pilgrimage to Makkah for those who are able.
Edict of Toleration The Edict of Toleration by Galerius was issued in 311 by the Roman Tetrarchy of Galerius, Constantine and Licinius, officially ending the Diocletian persecution of Christianity.
Pharisee A member of an ancient Jewish sect that emphasized strict interpretation and observance of the Mosaic law in both its oral and written form.
Sadducee a member of a sect that differed from the Pharisees chiefly in its literal interpretation of the Bible, rejection of oral laws and traditions, and denial of an afterlife and the coming of the Messiah.
ramadan the ninth month of the Islamic calendar; the month of fasting; the holiest period for the Islamic faith
messianism the belief in a messiah, a savior or redeemer
mosque Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret
Minaret distinctive architectural features of Islamic mosques- generally tall spires with onion-shaped or conical crowns, usually either free standing or taller than any associated support structure
Buttress an architectural structure built against (a counterfort) or projecting from a wall which serves to support or reinforce the wall
Auctoritas Authority, In ancient Rome, Auctoritas referred to the general level of prestige a person
potestas a Latin word meaning power or faculty. It is an important concept in Roman Law.
The investiture controversy significant conflict between Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV In the 11th and 12th centuries, a series of popes challenged the authority of European monarchies over control of appointments, or investitures, of church officials such as bishops and abbots.
The Five Good Emperors Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius
Mausoleum a large burial chamber, usually above ground
Hadith the way of life prescribed as normative for Muslims on the basis of the teachings and practices of Muhammad and interpretations of the Koran
Haj the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Hijja
Hijrah refers to the Prophet's migration from Mecca to Madinah
Ka'ba the cubic sacred shrine in Mecca, towards which Muslims turn in prayer, and around which they they proceed at the end of the Hajj pilgrimage; built, according to tradition, by Abraham and Ishmael
Just war theory a doctrine of Roman philosophical and Catholic origin which holds that a conflict can and ought to meet the criteria of philosophical, religious or political justice, provided it follows certain conditions. (jus ad bellum and jus in bello)
The samaritans they claim descent from a group of Israelite inhabitants from the tribes of Joseph and Levi
Mihrab a niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction of Mecca
Qibla wall wall in a mosque that faces mecca
Peace of God The Peace and Truce of God was a medieval European movement of the Catholic Church that applied spiritual sanctions in order to limit the violence of private war in feudal society.
Mono no aware a Japanese term used to describe the awareness of mujo or the transience of things and a bittersweet sadness at their passing
kaimame peeking through a fence, screen
terza rima a rhyming verse stanza form that consists of an interlocking three-line rhyme scheme. It was first used by the Italian poet Dante Alighieri. aba, bcb, cdc etc
seven deadly sins wrath, greed, sloth, pride, lust, envy, and gluttony.
Things Japan borrowed from China 1. Buddhism 2. Chinese system of writing (language of the elite) 3. Centralized imperial government (but not based on merit [family lines]) 4. Confucian political, legal and ethical philosophy
Rise of Universities Christian institutes. Did not originally mean a place, but a group of people. Large cities had them so cities became places for education.
Church hierarchy God, pope, bishops, priests, lay people
State hierarchy God, monarch, aristocracy, knights, common people
Dome of the Rock an important Islamic shrine and Jerusalem landmark located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem. The structure, the oldest example of early Islamic architecture, was completed in 691 CE at the order of Arabian Umayyad Caliph, Abd al-Malik.
Hagia Sophia Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture, constructed as a church between 532 and 537 on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian,
Reasons for crusading 1.to reclaim the Land of Christ and stop Muslim aggression 2.to heal the rift between Roman and Orthodox Christianity following the Schism of 1054 3.to hone the energy of the constantly warring lords and knights into the one cause of penitential warfare
Blown roof echnique of composing a picture such that the roofs of buildings are absent so that the viewer may peer into the rooms and witness events taking place
bayeux tapestry Tapestry (Tapisserie de Bayeux, Baius tæpped) is a long embroidered cloth — not an actual tapestry — which depicts the events leading up to the Norman conquest of England
4 cardinal virtues justice, temperance, fortitude and prudence
William of Okham argued that universals are to be understood as the general designations for collections of particulars. nothing more. NOMINALISM
Thomas aquinas legitimized aristolian philosophy in christianity. Formulates natural law: human understanding of God's law based on fundamental human similarities
Boethius' philosophy wrote the consolation of philosophy. recognized as an intermediary between ancient philosophy and latin middle ages. associates divine reasoning with the forms (logos)
The rule of benedict prayer, reading, labor
Peter Abelard wrote sic et non. work of dialectical organization. intended to identify apparent contradictions in the bible so that philosophical and theological scholars could explain and resolve them.
Extreme realism Universals exist separately from particulars
moderate realism universals = explanatory foundation of particularisms
nominalsim universals are nothing more than either (1) what a word signifies, or (2) the word itself as a signifier.
Charlemagne brought in foreign scholars and started educational reforms
Paul Spread the word of jesus on his travels, was a pharisee, wrote the epistles (letters)
Old st. peter's Old Saint Peter's Basilica was the building that once stood on the spot where the Basilica of Saint Peter stands today in Rome from the 4th to 16th centuries
St. Paul developed the position that jesus was christ, fortold savior of the jews/believers in god. made the case for jesus' divinity, began the religion,
The first council of nicaea a council of Christian bishops convened in Nicaea by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in A.D. 325. The Council attained consensus in the church by assembly. settled the relationship of Jesus to God Nicene Creed;settling the date of Easter; early canon law
Sutton hoo the site of two Anglo-Saxon cemeteries of the 6th century and early 7th century, one of which contained an undisturbed ship burial including a wealth of artifacts of outstanding art-historical and archaeological significance.
Concordat of worms an agreement between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V on September 23, 1122 near the city of Worms. It brought to an end the first phase of the power struggle between the Papacy and the Holy Roman Emperors
the battle of milvian bridge took place between the Roman Emperors Constantine I and Maxentius. Constantine won the battle and started on the path that led him to end the Tetrarchy and become the sole ruler of the Roman Empire. Maxentius drowned in the Tiber during the battle.
taj mahal located in Agra, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal.example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Islamic and Indian architectural styles
Alhambra palace Court of the lions, in spane. very elaborate dome and niching
East asian art piece (1) Li Cheng, a solitary temple amid clearing peaks, Century 950, hanging scroll ink and color on silk. depicting something via nothing
Created by: 1484206765