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anatomy quiz 2

anatomical terminology

sagittal plane: divide the body into right & left 1/2's
midsagittal plane: equal right & left 1/2's
1.actions: flexions & extension
coronal (frontal) plane: front & back: anterior posterior
2.actions: abduction/adduction
transverse plane: top/bottom: superior/inferior
3.actions: medial(internal)/lateral(external)rotation
bilateral comparison: comparing both sides(evaluating if any injury has accured)
flexion: redusing joint angle or bringing bones closer together (when bending arms/legs)
extension: increase the angle back to Zero or separating bones (when returning body back to original position)
hyper extension: taking it pass Zero degree
lateral flexion: bends lateral to one side example: like a tea pot
adduction: moving midally or towards that midline
abduction: lateral away from midline
protaction: protude move anterior= taking it out(forward)
retraction: Retreat move posterior= bringing it back(backwards)
internal/Medial rotation: rotate towards (inwards) the midline
external or Lateral rotation: rotate away(outward) from midline
circumduction: combo of flexion/extension, abduction/adduction, medial/lateral rotation
elevation: superior movement
depresion: inferior movement
supination: Palm up or anterion side up or face looking up
pronation: palm down or posterion side up, or face down
inveresion: sole of foot moves mideally
eversion: sole of foot moves lateraly
plantar flexion: walking in tipitoes
dorsi flexion: walking on your heals
Created by: jesmaria