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Ben AS vocab

animal science vocab!

Mouth brings food into the body, breaks down food with salivary glans and rips and tears food into small pieces
Esophagus transports food from mouth to stomach
Stomach provides food storage, produces hydrochloric acid, and has a lining of mucus to protect it from it's acidic environment. Moves food to small intestines
Small Intestines Mixes food with bile, digests sugars and strings of amino acids. Absorbs nutrients.
Large Intestines Absorbs water and electrolytes, moves waste to rectum and anus.
Rectum and anus External opening at end of digestive tract. Sphincter muscles control defecation
Salivary Glands Secretes saliva to moisten and lubricate food
Liver Produces bile to help digest fat. Stores glucose and glycogen
Pancreas Produces insulin
Water The most critical nutrient required by dogs and cats for survival
Carbohydrates Available source of energy, plus fiber for the GI tract health
Protein supplies amino acids to build proteins for a wide range of body functions
Fat Concentrated energy source
Minerals essential for life sustaining metabolic processes
Vitamins releases energy from carbohydrates, proteins, and fat
Digestibility proportion of nutrients in food available for absorption in the GI tract
Bioavailability amount of nutrient absorbed from the GI tract in a form the body can use.
As- fed basis concentration of nutrients in food in the form consumed by the animal; includes moisture content of the food.
Dry matter basis method of expressing a food's nutrient content on a moisture- free basis
Energy Basis concentration of a nutrient in food expressed per unit of energy, usually per 100 kilocalories
Beef Tallow Solid fat made by rendering fat from cattle
EEA Essential amino acids
Lignin Non Digestible
Building Blocks of Protein Amino Acids
Rancid Gone Bad
Created by: bthomas5458