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Teresia AS Vocab

all animal science vocab

Essential Amino Acids EAA, Amino Acids that can not be produced in sufficient quantity in the body and must be obtained from food
fiber Portion of ingested foods that resist digestion in the GI tract
GI tract Gastrointestinal Tract
Calories amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1gram of water from 14.5 celsius
The Six Nutrients Vitamins, minerals, fats, proteins, carbs & water
Vitamins Vitamins help release energy from carbohydrates, proteins and fats
Minerals Members of this nutrient class are essential for life-sustaining metabolic processes
fats dietary fat is a concentrated energy source, a carrier for fat soluble vitamins, and plays many roles in the body.
Proteins an essential dietary nutrient, supplies cats & dogs with amino acids for a wide range of body functions
Carbohydrates provide cats and dogs with a readily available source of energy, starches, sugars
Water most crucial nutrient of the body, loss of 10% equals death
Metabolism the process by which large molecules are broken into smaller molecules to make energy available to the organism
Dry-Matter basis Method of expressing a food's nutrient content on a moisture-free basis
Adipose stored fat tissue
Beef Tallow solid fat made by rendering fat from cattle.
palatability degree of readiness
As-Fed pr As-Is Basis concentration of nutrients in food in the form consumed by the animal; includes moisture content of the food
Gross Energy Total amount of potential energy in food; not completely used by an animal because some energy losses
BCS (Body Condition Score) determination of an animal's relative proportion of muscle to fat using visual assessment and palpation
Lean Body Mass fat-free mass of the body; that part of the body including all its components except fat (stored lipids)
Complex Carbohydrates called polysaccharides, are long chains of simple sugar
polysaccharides complex carbohydrates that yield simple sugars when digested
Simple Carbohydrates include simple sugars (Monosaccharieds, sugars are easily digested for energy)
Enzymes any protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body by acting as a catalyst
Nonessential Amino Acids amino acids synthesized in the body in sufficient amounts so that they do not need to be obtained from food
Crude Fiber Laboratory estimate of the cellulose, hemicellulose and ligin content of a food ingredient or feed
villi finger-like projections on the surface of the small intestine that increase the surface area available fir absorption of fluids and nutrients
the EAAs for dogs Arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methinine,Phenylalanine, taurine, threonine
the EAAs for cats Arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysire, mathionine, phenylalanine, taurine, threonine, tryptophan, valine
The EAAs for dogs and cats alanine, aspargine, aspartate, gluamate, gycine, proline, serine
the EAAs for both dogs and cats cysteine, glutamine, taurine, tyrosine
Catalyze to modify, especially to increase, the rate of a chemical reaction
nutrient to support life. includes water, carbohydrates, protein, fat, minerals & various.
mouth teeth froup, tear & gring food into small pieces and tongue positions food for swallowing
esophagus transport food from the mouth to the stomach
viscera all of the stomach organs
stomach provide food storage, move food into the small intestine, contains hydrochloric acids
small intestine mixes ingested food with bile and digestive enzymes, absorbs nutrients
large intestine site of the microbial fermentation, absorbs water and electrolytes, moves waste into rectum and anus.
Microbial fermentation some carbs to simplar compounds by microorganisms in the large intestine of cats and dogs
Salivery Glands seperate saliva to moisten and lubricationg food, plays a roll in evaporating cooling in dogs and cats
liver qproduces bile, stores as glucise as glyoges
pancreus produces insulin and glucagon secrites enzymes into the small intestine.
ingredient edible material that may provide nutrients and energy as part of a food
intestinal mucus mucus membrane lining the intestine
energy density number of calories provided by given weight or volume of pet food expressed as kilo-calories
bioavailiablity ability of a nutrient, drug or other substance to be absorbed used by the body.
availiblity proportion or a specific nutrient in food that is available for absortion by the body.
AAFCO Association of American Feed Control Officals
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
FDA Food & Drug administration
additives substances added to food, including preservatives, coloring and flavoring
Amino Acids building blocks of protein
preservatives substances added to food to destroy or inhabit microbial growth and slow decay, discoloring or spoiling under normal conditions.
rancidity decomposition of fats and oils that produces off odors and flavors and destroys fat soluble vitamins.
Diet daily supply of food and water to meet an animals nutrient and energy required
Meat & Done Meal rendered product from mammalian tissues
rendered process using low heat to seperate fat from bone and protein
animal digest material produced by chemical or enzymatic hydrolasis of clean undercomposed animal tissue
hydrolysis process by which complex materials are broken down into simpler ones by adding water.
meat by product non-rendered clean parts other then meat, derived from slaughtered mammals
Essentail Fatty Acids fatty acids that cannot be made by the body and must be supplied by the diet.
Protozoa Phylum or group of Phyla that comprises the single-celled microscopic animals
Pathogen Bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease
Zoonotic a disease that can be transmitted to humans from animals
Anorexia a lack or loss of appetite for food (medical Condition)
Gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and intestines, typically resulting from bacterial toxins or viral infection and causing vomitting & diarrhea
Salmonellosis bacterium that occurs mainly in the intestine, causing food poison
hyperkeratosis abnormal thickening of the outer layer of the skin.
septic peritonitis inflammation of the membrane which lines the inside of the abdomen and all internal organs
hypersalivation excessive production of saliva
DNA Probe Assay detects and quantifies nucleic and acid sequences.
Created by: teresia grim