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Mrs. Emery India

Mrs. Emery Ancient India Study guide

QuestionAnswer
The cycle of birth, life, death, and rebirth is called Samsara
Hindus believe all are part of a universal divine spirit called Brahmin
The search for the truth in life, the end of suffering, or enlightenment is called Nirvana
One role or duty in life (hinduism) Dharma
The highest mountains in the world The Himalayas
Who was the first Mauryan Emperor? Chandragupta Maurya
Which word best describes a large landmass that is smaller than a continent? subcontinent
The mountains of northern India? Himalayas
IN which language did the Aryans write their poems and hymns? Sanskrit
Hindus believe that all their gods are part of the universal spirit called Brahmin
According to Hinduism, people are reborn into their new physical bodies and the form they are born into is based on ones accumulated karma
Why did Siddhartha leave home at age 30? To find the meaning of life (enlightenment) and how to end suffering
In Buddhism (and sometimes Hindus use this word) the end of Samsara is called Nirvana
The guiding principles in Buddhism (basis for a Buddhist life) The Four Noble Truths (and within this is the eight fold path)
First Gupta Emperor? Chandra Gupta I
The highest mountains in the world? Himalayas
The northern central part of India, known for its rich fertile soil and farmable plains. Indo Gangetic Plain
The Deccan Plateau is mostly Tropical and is in the south of India and is MOST OF INDIA
The source of the Ganges River is Himalayas
The five countries that border India are Pakistan, china, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh
The Deccan Plateau is between the west and east Ghats
Hindu temples in the Gupta period had carvings of the ___________ on the outside. gods
The Art from the Mauryan and Gupta periods were most influenced by. Religion (hind teachings)
How did the Hindu Temples change overtime? They became more complex with huge towers
A long passage about Hindu beliefs Mahabharata
The study of the stars and planets which influenced the Hindus religious beliefs and daily life. astronomy
The Indians were advanced in their medical practices. ___________________ injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to help build up defense against a disease . inoculation
Indians invented the concept of ________ which was very important in mathematics because it is a placeholder when using numbers of a specific base. zero
How are Metallurgy and alloys connected? Creating alloys is a skill within Metallurgy
What were some of the operations that Indian Surgeons could perform? fixing broken bones, removing tonsils, reconstruct broken noses, and reattaching torn ear lobes.
What is the Bhagavad-Gita ? A long and sacred passage about Hindu Beliefs. The most famous of all the Hindu sacred texts and the most widely read. 700 verses divided into 18 chapters. The story of Krishna the god giving advice to Arjuna is the basis for the story
Hindu –Arabic numerals, trace back to the Gupta period are still used today
Indian scholars wrote down their knowledge in textbooks.
The science of working with metals Metallurgy
Which Mauryan ruler converted to Buddhism and is known for improving the lives of the people instead of focusing on war, in his empire. Asoka
Chandragupta Maurya founded the Mauryan Empire gave up throne to become a Janist Monk
Hindu –Arabic numerals, trace back to the Gupta period are still used today
Indian scholars wrote down their knowledge in textbooks.
The science of working with metals Metallurgy
Which Mauryan ruler converted to Buddhism and is known for improving the lives of the people instead of focusing on war, in his empire. Asoka
Chandragupta Maurya founded the Mauryan Empire gave up throne to become a Janist Monk
Candra Gupta I - Hindu, brought northern India under his control and founded the Gupta Empire
Candra Gupta II - expanded empire and brought the Gupta society to its peak in economic and cultural growth….
The guiding principles in Buddhism The Four Noble Truths
Gandhi practiced AHIMSA (non violence) to change the lives of Indians in South Africa and in India.
Gandhi fought to end the casts system and make the term untouchables illegal.
The famous march that urged Indians to make their own salt and ended with the marchers being badly beaten by the British military. Salt March
The Buddha did not accept the caste system
Siddhartha Gautama grew up in three palaces, saw the Four sights, Became an aesthetic, then found the Middle Way, then meditated under a Bodhi tree, reached Nirvana (enlightenment the answer to how to be free from suffering), then came back to teach others
What are the four sights Siddhartha Saw that changed his life forever Old Age (old man), Sick man (sickness), funeral (Death), and a Holy Man
Hinduism was founded by no one person, a blend of many different ideas and thoughts that has continuously changed with time (assimilated), Vedic texts from the Aryans, and ideas from other ancient cultures.
Hinduism is a religion that is based on personal connections with a higher being (or God)
The many Gods in Hinduism are representation of ways in which Hindus connect with their God.
The three major gods in Hinduism are Brahma the creator., Vishnu Preserver, and Shiva the Destroyer
In Hinduism a mantra chanted in puja is best described as a prayer
What is puja: worship
What does Namaste mean (it can mean different things to different people) but it is basically a greeting that recognizes the spirit of a higher being in one person being shared with another person. It is a sign of gratitude and respect among spiritual Hindus.
In Hinduism the atman is the soul which is celebrated in the holiday of Diwali and is referred to as a _____________ within. light
Diwali is a celebration of light overcoming darkness
Hinduism is the ____________religion in the world
How many days is Diwali celebrated for 5
Temporary ink used to decorate men and women’s’ hands during Diwali and other religious celebrations henna
What is a new moon a moon without the suns reflections
Diwali celebrates the harvest, a new year, the atman within each person,
Buddhism three universal truths are Anitya, Duhka, and Anatma
Anitya Nothing lasts forever
Duhka Suffering is everywhere
Anatma No soul
Created by: nicemeryla on 2011-02-14



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