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Science 1.1-1.3

microorganisms a very small organism that can be seen only with a microscope.
kingdoms one of six large groupings of living things that have common characteristics.
binary fission a form of asecual reproducition by which some single-celled organisms reproduce. The genetic material is copied, and one cell divides not two independent cells that are each a copy of the original
virus a nonliving disease causing particle that uses the materials inside cells to make copies of itself
bacteria a large group of one-celled organisms that sometimes cause disease
archaea single-celled organisms without nuclei that can survive in extreme environments
producers An organism that captures energy from sunlight and trandsforms it into cheical energy that is stored in energy-rich carbon compounds
decomposers an organism that feeds on a dead oragnaism and breaks down dead plant or animal matter
parasites an organism that absorbs nutrients from the body of another organism, ofter harming it in the process
host cells a cell that a virus infects and uses to make copies of itself
algae protists that live mostly in water and use sunlight as a cource of energy
plankton mostly microcopic organisms that drift in great numbers through bodies of water
protozoa animal-like protists that eat other organisms or decaying parts of other organisms
methanogens viruses that produce methane and die when exposed to oxygen
halophiles viruses that live in salty lakes and ponds and may die if water isn't salty enough
thermophiles archaea that live in extream weather like cold or hot
euglena single-celled organisms that move like animals but get energy from sunlight
diatoms single-celled algae the float around covered by hard shells
seaweed multicellular protist that floats in water
pathogen harmful bacteria
Created by: emmdre