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Phlebotomy and Blood

85% of the population is positive for? RH the other 15% is negative
blood type AB is known as universal recipient
blood type o is known as universal donor
carbohydrates, lipids, cholesterol, and hormones are all componets of?: plasmas
cholesterol is to assess?: the amount of lipids in the blood
EDTA are mauve or purpose caps
EDTA testing is?: most preferred and used
erythrocyte sedimentation rate is also known as?: ESR
heparin are used in?: capillary tubes
how long does separation take?: hour
how long should direct pressure be applied 5 minutes
how should you choose a site?: apply the tourniquet and inspect both arms and hands
low readings can be caused from?: anemia or pernicious anemia
micro hematocrits are also known as?: packed cell volume
normal values for glucose are?: 70 to 100 fasting and 140 and down
normal values for micro hematocrits are?: 36 to 48 for women and 42 to 52 for men
normal values for prothrombin is?: 11 to 16 seconds
normal values for WBC's are 4,000 to 11,000
on what draws should the tourniqet be released before the needle is removed on any blood
patients must fast for how many hours before blood chemistries?: 10 to 12 hours
plasmas are?: gases and waste products
prothrombin is used for pro time PTT, coagulation test and to test patients in anticoagulation therapy
RBC's are also known as?: erythrocytes
WBC's are also known as?: leukocytes
what are 2 sections of WBC's agranular and granular
what are 2 things you should do when blood does not appear slightly manipulate the needle and remove needle and try another site
what are 2 things you should do when drawing on children?: explain procedure and be honest if they have a question
what are capillary punctures used for to collect small samples of blood
what are common sites for capillary puncture ring finger, middle finger, heel, and ear lobe
what are hemoglobins normal values?: 12 to 16 for women and 13 to 18 for men
what are lymphocytes t - cells, b cells, and natural killer cell aid in antibody formation
what are monocytes response inflammation signals, increase in mononucleosis
what are normal values for cholesterol?: 150 to 200
what are normal values for ESR 1-20 for women and 0-10 for men
what are platelets also known as?: thrombocytes
what are syringe draws used for? difficult draws and small veins
what are the 2 componets of whole blood cells?: plasma and formed elements
what are the 2 groups of clia original and expanded
what are the 3 functions of the blood?: regulate our body temperature, carry nutrients to all cells, and carry o2 to all cellular levels
what are the 3 typed that consist of blood RBC, WBC, and platelets
what are the 5 blood test EDTA are used for?: CBC, ASR, A1C, lead testint, and Hct's
what are yellow, red, and tiger tops used for?: blood chemistries
what do albumin do?: maintains blood pressure
what do blood chemistries aid in?: the diagnosis and treatment of patient
what do lavender tops contain contain anticoagulant
what do platelets aid in? clotting
what do RBC's do for the body?: carry o2 to tissues and capillary levels and co2 to the lungs
what do WBC's do for the body protect the body against infection and disease by destroying pathogens
what does ESR measure?: the rate at which RBC's separate
what does fibrinogen do?: aids in clotting
what is a butterfly draw for?: alternative method for difficult draws and small fragile veins
what is glucose used in the body for?: energy
what is hemoglobin's function to combine chemically with o2, it is the iron containing pigment in RBC's
what is low complecity?: do not require high skilled personnel, extensive quality control procedures, and comprehensice record keeping or government inspections
what is plasma made of?: 90% of water
what is something you should never do if they patient has had a mastectomy?: draw from the same side
what is venipuncture for?: to collect large amounts of blood
what is gamma globulin?: immunity for certain disease
what should you do if a patient faints remove the tourniquet, remove the needle and then apply pressure
what should you do with the first drop of blood wipe it away
where are blood cells formed? in bone marrow and some WBC'c formed in the lymph nodes
why is anticoagulant added to blood samples?: to keep it from clotting and it also helps with separation of plasma from blood to keep it from clotting and it also helps with separation of plasma from blood
basilic vein large vein on inner side of arm (pinky side)
cephalic vein a superficial vein of the arm commonly used for venipuncture (thumb side)
fistula an artificial connection between an artery and a vein
gauge a measure of diameter of a needle
hematoma the swelling of tissue around a vessel due to leakage of blood into tissue
hemoconcentration increase in the concentration of cellular elements in the blood; plasma enters the tissue
hemolysis: rupture or destruction of red blood cells resulting in the release of hemoglobin
hypodermic needle a hollow needle used for injections or for obtaining fluid specimens
lumen the open space within a tubular organ or tissue
median cubital vein: a superficial vein located in the bend of the of the elbow
palpate to examine by touch
sclerosed hard and gnarled
syringe a hollow, tube like container with a plunger, used for injecting or withdrawing fluids
thrombosed occluded, or blocked by a blood clot
tourniquet: a band to constrict blood flow
vein a blood vessel that carries deoxygenated blood from the tissues to the heart.
venipuncture entry of a vein with a needle; phlebotomy
Created by: nugentbarbara