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Chapter 10 Milady's

Basics of Chemistry

An alkali is known also as a Base
Oxidation-reduction reactions are also known as Redox
Describe NaCl Sodium chloride which is table salt
A change of form of a substance without a chemical reaction or creation of a new substance Physical change ex ice to liquid water
A change in the chemical and physical properties of a substance by a chemical reaction that creates a new substance Chemical change ex oxidation of haircolor
Contains carbon. Can burn. All living things or things that were once living. Organic
Does not contain carbon. Doesn't burn. Aren't and never were alive. Inorganic
Elements can not be _______ broken down into simpiler substances without the loss of identity
Water Loving (Head) Hydrophilic
Lipophilic Oil Loving (Tail)
When oxygen is combined with another substance, it becomes Oxidized
What is all matter in the universe made up of 90 Naturally Occurring Elements
What are silicones used for? Water-resistant lubricants
pH of: a)Lemon Juice b)Vinegar c)Hair and Skin d)Rain Water e)Distilled water f)Baking Soda g)Ammonia a) 2 b) 3 c) 5 d) 5.5 e) 7 f) 8 g)12
Mixture a physical combination of matter in any proportion
Substance that dissolves the solute to form a solution Solvent
Emulsion An unstable mixture of two or more immiscible substances united with the aid of an emulsifier.
Substances containing carbon that evaporate quickly and easily Volatile Organic Compound
Atom smallest particle of an element that still retains the properties of that element
Separation of an atom/molecule into positive and negative ions Ionization
Stable mixture of two or more mixable substances Solution
Suspension unstable mixture of undissolved particles in a liquid
A chemical combination of two or more atoms. Molecule
Capable of being mixed with another liquid in any proportion without separating Miscible
Alkanolamines substances used to neutralize acids/raise the pH of many hair products
Compound combination of two or more atoms of different elements chemically joined together
Any substance that takes up space and has mass (weight) Matter
Oxidation A chemical reaction that combines a substance with oxygen to produce an oxide
Created by: jaskam22