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Ecosys Relat & Adapt

MacMillan B2&3

limiting factor any resource that restricts the growth of populations; ex. water, temperature, weather, space, predators
carrying capacity the greatest number of individuals within a population that an ecosystem can support
habitat the physical space where an organism lives and hunts for food; it's home
niche the special role that an organism plays in a community; it's job
symbiosis a relationship between two or more kinds of organisms that lasts over time
mutualism a symbiotic relationship that benefits both organisms
commensalism a symbiotic relationship that benefits one organism without harming the other
parasitism a symbiotic relationship where one organism benefits and the other is harmed
adaptation any characteristic that helps an organism survive in its environment
structural adaptation an adjustment to internal or external structure that help an organism survive; ex. fur color, long limbs, strong jaws
behavioral adaptations an adjustment in an organism's behavior that helps an organism survive; ex. wolves traveling in packs, fish swimming in schools
camouflage any coloring, shape, or pattern that allows an organism to blend in with its environment
protective coloration a type of camouflage in which the color of an animal helps it blend in with its background; ex. a fox's white coat in winter
protective resemblance matching the color, shape, and texture of an environment; ex. a walking stick
mimicry an adaptation in which an animal is protected against predators by its resemblance to an unpleasant animal; ex. the non-poisonous viceroy butterfly looks just like the poisonous monarch butterfly
Created by: marian5