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Ms. Pate-Govenment

The Principles of Government

public policies? all of the things that the government decides to do
Government? institution through which a society makes and enforces it's public policies.
state? be defined as a body of people living in a can defined territory, organized politically-that is, with a government
4 basic characteristics of the state? population, sovereignity, government, territory
origins of the state? To form a more perfect union To establish justice To ensure domestic tranquility To provide for the common defense To promote the general welfare To secure the blessing of liberty
3 things that make a goverment? Geographical Distribution of Power Relationship Between Legislative and Executive Branches The Number Who Can Participate
forms of government? Unitary Government Federal Government Confederate Government
unitary government? a centralized government in which all powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency.
federal government? the power's of government are divided between a central government and several local governments
confederate government? an alliance of independent states
presidential government? features a separation of powers between the executive and legislative branches
parliamentary government? the executive branch is made up of the prime minister or premier and that official's cabinet. They are also members of the legislative branch
dictatorship? exists where those who rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people. This is the oldest and most common form of government known
democracy? supreme political authority rests with the people
direct democracy? the will of the people is translated into public policy directly by the people themselves
representative democracy? a small group of persons are chosen by the people to express the popular will.
5 basic concepts of democracy? Fundamental worth of each individual Equality of all persons Majority rule and minority rights Necessity of compromise Individual freedom
Fundamental worth of each individual? Each individual, no matter what his or her station in life, is a separate and distinct being. -Sometimes the interests of many come before the welfare of one or a few people.
Equality of all persons? All men are created equal." -All are entitled to equality of opportunity before the law. -Everyone must be free to develop himself or herself as fully as he or she can or cares to.
Majority rule & minority rights? -The majority rule must be restrained to a certain extent. If unchecked the majority could destroy democracy. -Minority rights play a large role in controlling majority rule.
Necessity of Compromise? In a democracy, there must be room for give-and-take. It is a matter of compromise- the process of blending and adjusting, or reconciling competing views and interests.
Compromise is essential for two reasons? (1) democracy says that individuals are equal to all others. (2) few public questions have only two sides. Most can be answered in several ways.
individual freedom? Absolute freedom can exists only in a state of anarchy: in the total absence of government; ends when it disturbs the freedom of others
Created by: Rachelle Nicole