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Anatomy Directional

Lecture Unit 1

Anterior Closer to the front
Posterior Closer to the back
Dorsal Back side
Ventral Belly side
Superior Closer to the head
Inferior Closer to the feet
Cranial Head end
Caudal Tail or rear end
Medial Towards the midline
Lateral Away from the midline
Superficial On the outside
Deep On the inside
Proximal Closer to the point of attachment (Only use for arms and legs)
Distal Farther from the point of attachment (Only use for arms and legs)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Best for soft structures
Radiography X-rays. Best for hard structures (bone).
Computed tomography CT scan or CAT scan. Computer puts together x-ray images from many angles.
Sonography Ultrasound
Angiography Visualizes blood vessels
Positron emission tomography (PET) Creates a functional map of an organ. Dyed glucose molecules injected. Shows activity, where glucose is being used.
Created by: punkaloo