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Chaps. 26, 27, 28

AP World History Review - Traditions and Encounters - Chs. 26-28

How did the Ming government attempt to stabilize China following the overthrow of the Yuan dynasty? Return China to its original roots (Neo-Confucianism, Patriarchy)
Compare Qing (Ching) governing philosophies and techniques to those of their Ming predecessors. Qing overthrew Ming dynasty No change
What was the main component of the Chinese civil service exams? Civil service exams
How did patriarchy change under the Ming and Qing dynasties? Patriarchal authority over females became tighter.
Why did Christian missionaries fail to attract many converts in China? because of its exclusivity (most were unwilling to accept Christianity as the only true religion)
How did the peace brought by the Tokugawa affect Japan's social class structure? Samurai-daimyo class become less important when the Tokugawa had come
Explain "native learning." Indigenous ideas of Japan
What ethnic commonality did the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal dynasties all share? All claimed descent from Turks
How were the Janissaries selected? depshirme **hopefully spelled correctly**
How did the religious make-up of the Mughal empire compare with that of the Ottoman or Safavid empires? Ottoman – overwhelming Muslim Safavid – overwhelming Islam Mughal – majority were Hindu
How did Akbar deal with the tensions that arose from India's great religious diversity? Encouraged the elaboration of a syncretic religion called the “Divine faith”
The Ottoman sultanate attempted to ban _____ and _____ because religious moralists strongly objected to their stimulating effects. Tobacco and coffee
Sikhism was a syncretic combination of . . . Hinduism and Islam
Who are the dhimmi? Conquered peoples who didn’t need to convert to Islam but were extended to a status of protected peoples
What was the "Divine Faith?" Focused attention on the emperor as a ruler common to all the religious, ethnic, and social groups of India.
What was Fatehpur Sikri? Akbar had it built as the new capital of the Mughal empire; deserted due to lack of water
How were the Safavids culturally different from their Ottoman neighbors? Shia Islam (sp twelver Shiism) vs. the Sunni sect in the Ottoman empire
From what group did the Cossacks come? Peasants that were responsible for keeping newly conquered lands to Russia
The main political and cultural influence on Russia was . . . Byzantium
The main obstacle to Ivan IV's attempts at centralization was . . . Slaves, Russian nobility,
What was "westernization?" With which czar is it most strongly associated? Arts (i.e. ballet), literature, and ideas; Catherine II
How did the policies of westernization reform the economy? Military, bureaucratic, and social reform
What was the Charter of Nobility? Nobles gained rights to deploy laborers as they saw fit, lecy taxes on serfs attached to their lands, and administer punishments through courts that they controlled
Why would peasants want to migrate to Siberia? They were no longer serfs when the crossed the border; had freedom
What degree of independence did Russian women have? Women had property rights and took responsibility for arranging marriages
During the 17th and 18th centuries, how did Russia differ from Western Europe in terms of social classes? Serdom was decreasing due to the decline of feudalism in Europe while it was increasing in Russia @ the same time.
Created by: punisher42

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