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SIE- Gen Science III

test review

What is the difference between performance and functional ingredients? performance affect you, functional affect the product
What are the two main types of chemical exfoliation? AHA's and BHA's
How do chemical exfoliations work? they loosen the bond between dead skin cells making it easier to remove them
How does the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act of 1938 define a drug? articles (other than food) intended to affect the structure or any function of the body
How does the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act of 1938 define a cosmetic? articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or other-wise applied to the human body or any part thereof for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness or altering the appearance.
What do you do if a client reacts to a product during a facial? stop treatment immmediately, remove product, use cool water or cool compress
What is the long-term effect of constant irritation of the skin? skin aging
non-comedogenic does not contain ingredients known to cause comedones and acne; FDA does not regulate
non-acnegenic designed not to cause comedones or follicle irritancy; some companies claim this w/o testing.
What ingredients would be best to use in a toner for dry skin? azulene, bisabolol, chamomille
What is a detergent-type foaming cleanser? cleansing gel
What are some examples of biologically inert emollients? cyclomethicone, dimethicone, phenyl trimethicone
What is a hyaluronic acid? humectant that holds up to 400 times it's weight in water
What is the Federal Packaging and Labeling Act of 1977? requires manufacturers to list ingredients used in their products
What is overprocessed skin? over-use of products, or over-use of exfoliating products; characterized by red, flaking, and unfomfortable skin
Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD) inflammation resulting from an allergy to a particular substance
Retinol a natural form of vitamin A; stimulates cell repair and regulates skin functions and is necessary for skin cell generation.
puffing when companies make products sound better than they really are "face-lift in a jar"
What makes the skin more permeable? impaired barrier function
hypoallergenic does not contain ingredient that are known to frequently cause allergic reactions (people can still be allergic to the product); FDA regulated
What can lead to TEWL? glycerin
cosmeceuticals products that are not drugs intended to treat disease, but they still benefite the skin in a positive way
defatting agents remove fats and lipids, along with dirt, makeup, and debris, from the surface of the skin
soap made of salts of fatty acids; defats the skin's surface
What are some disadvantages of soap? has a high pH which can irritate and dry the skin, and can leave residue or film on the skin
superfatted cleansing agents that have had fat added; "buffer zones"
emulsion cleansers (cleansing milks) non-foaming cream-type cleansers; used for makeup removal, and are recommended for sensitive skin
What is a good example of an emulsion cleanser? cold cream
What is the pH of toners? 4.0-5.5
What are toners used for? balancing pH, and remove any excess cleanser or residue left on the skin
What can be added to toners to help lower the pH? citric acid or lemon extract
natural moisturizing factors (NMFs) hydrating agents found within the cells and withing the intercellular cement
What are some common hydroxy acids? lactic acid, tartaric acid, malic acid, glycolic acid, citric acid, and salicylic acid
lactic acid found in milk
tartaric acid found in grapes and passionfruit
malic acid found in apples
glycolic acid found in sugarcane
salicylic acid found in sweet birch, willow bark, and wintergreen
citric acid found in citris fruits
collagen and elastin humectants that sit on top of the skin and bind water, prevent water loss, and help to "fill in" small lines and wrinkles
occlusives sit on top of the skin and prevent moisture loss
petrolatum/petroleum jelly an occlusive that is extremely hypoallergenic; prevents water loss and keeps allergens, antigens, and foreign bodies out of the skin
alipidic lack of lipids
What are teh two physical sunscreens? (these screen both UVA and UVB rays) zinc oxide & titanium dioxide
What are the four major OTC approved ingredients for the treatment of acne? benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, sulfur, and sulfur mixed with resorcinol
hydroquinone an active topical ingredient that inhibits the production of melanin; for skin lightening
What are some skin "brightening" agents? magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, arbutin, kojic acid, bearberry and mulberry extracts
What is kaolin and bentonite used for? tightening and oil-absorbing
Created by: Lizziewiz