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Cell organellesWOYCE

Review for Cell organelle/history quiz

ANIMAL CELL A cell whose outside covering is a cell membrane. This cell does not chloroplasts, but contains other membrane bound organelles.contain
PLANT CELL A cell that contains a cell wall and chloroplast. This is where photosynthesis takes place.
BACTERIA This cell is covered by a cell wall, but does not contain a nucleus or any other membrane bound organelles.
EUKARYOTE advanced cell type with a nuclear membrane surrounding genetic material and numerous membrane-bound organelles dispersed in a complex cellular structure
PROKARYOTE primitive cell type that lacks a nuclear membrane and membrane-bound organelles
UNICELLULAR having or consisting of a single cell
MULTICELLUAR having or consisting of more than one cell
ORGANELLE a differentiated structure within a cell, such as a mitochondrion, vacuole, or chloroplast which performs a specific function
CELL WALL multi-layered, sturdy structure composed of cellulose that provides plants and other organisms with their rigidity
CHLOROPLASTS membrane-bound organelles containing chlorophyll that is found in photosynthetic organisms
VACUOLE membrane-bound organelles in the cytoplasm that are used for storage and digestion--very large in plant cells; not present in some animal cells
CELL MEMBRANE semi-permeable membrane that surrounds the cell’s cytoplasm. This is what controls what goes in and out of the cell
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM Carry proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to another. The smooth type of this organelle does not contain ribosomes. The rough has ribosomes attached.
MITOCHONDRIA Bean-shaped organelles that produce energy for the cells along their many internal folds
NUCLEUS spherical organelle that is the cell's control center
CYTOPLASM The gel-like substance in cells. This is where organelles are found and the genetic material of prokaryotic cells.
RIBOSOME Where protein is made (they may be free in the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum)
AC--LYSOSOME Needed for clean up, digestion and recycling broken down cell parts
AC--GOLGI BODIES used for packaging of materials to be transported out of the cell--like a mail room
ROBERT HOOKE Named the cell after viewing cork under the microscope
ANTON VAN LEEUWENHOEK Using his lens grinding skills, he helped improve the microscope and is known as The Father of the Microscope. He did not invent the microscope--Jansen did that!
M.J. SCHLEIDEN Developed the plant cell theory and contributed to the first 2 parts of the cell theory.
THEODOR SCHWANN Developed the animal cell theory and contributed to the first 2 parts of the cell theory..
RUDOLF VIRCHOW Observed cell dividing under the microscope and developed the 3rd part of the cell theory that says all cells come from preexisting cells
THE CELL THEORY 3 part theory still used today that states: 1. All living things are made of cells 2. Cells are the basic unit of living things 3. Cells come from preexisting cells
Created by: swoyce