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Fine Arts Survey

Principles of Art

_________ a sense of equilibrium produced by equal attraction between opposite elements of a desgin balance
2 or elements of equal strength or attraction are said to be __________. balanced
3 types of balance: Symmetrical,Asymmetrical, Radial
a formal balance, often static in feeling; usually with a design repeated identically on each side of the center axis, or visually equal in each side Symmetrical
an informal balance that appears to the eye to have a satisfactory equilibrium of unlike shapes, colors, and rhythms Asymmetrical
the effect produced by having elements of a design radiate from a common center, the point from which the elements radiate is always a center of interest Radial Balance
Of all the elements of design, _______ can be acheived more readily through the use of color, value, line, or shape balance
_______ is basic to variation and important for visual interest contrast
can be used to clarify or modify form, to create mass and space, to suggest activity, to provide balance, to express and to focus attention contrast
also called variety contrast
consists of employing unlike elements in a design in such a way that their unlikeness causes them to reinforce each other contrast
_______ is present in a degree, in any design, but opposites like black and white, thick and thin, etc. accentuate by contrast their opposite qualities contrast
________ adds interest to a design contrast
4 types of contrast Line, Shape/Form, Texture, Color
4 Types of Contrasting Line long/short, Straight/Curved, Vertical/Horizon, Thick/Thin
2 Types of Contrasting Shape large/small, geometric/organic
5 types of Contrasting Texture: subtle/bold, plain/detailed, rough/soft, hard/soft, glossy/dull
4 types of Contrasting Color: warm/cool, colorful/neutral, light/dark, bright/dull
_____ are the tools of art elements
_____ guide the artists in how to use tools Principles
5 Principles of Art: Dominance, Balance, Unity, Contrast, Repetition/Movement
__________: also called focal point dominance or emphasis
________- the area that first catches the viewer's eye Dominant Area
also known as the center of interest, emphasis, or focal point Dominant Area
Ways to establish Emphasis: 1.placement or grouping of elements 2. off center is considered better than dead center 3. contrast of size, shape, texture, and form 4. use brilliant color 5. making certain areas lighter or darker 6. Repetition of lines, shapes,form, textures, and color
creates a sense of movement and leads the eye throught the design in a rhythmical manner repetition and movement
2 types of repetition: even and smooth, and uneven and staccato
_______ repetition that creates a pattern even and smooth
_______ repetitions that create interest or the unexpected uneven and staccato
the harmony of all the visual elements in a composition unity
the most subtle quality in a design, but also the most desired unity
without ________ a design is failure unity
implies a logical adjustment of the various elements of a design to each other and to the whole design and results in a sense of harmony and beauty unity
________ is important in acheiving unity proportion
________ of any of the elements not only creates movement , it also provides a familiarity for the eye, thereby, unifying the design repetition
Created by: ElizabethI