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India and China

the classical civilizations

classical civilizations those with lasting influence over vast numbers
the four empires in India and China that lasted from 300B.C.E to 500C.E. Maurya & Gupta (india) Qin & Han (China)
conqured the Persian Empire arround 330B.C.E Alexander the Great (he then went onto India)
What was the new empire in India? Where was it located? Mauryan Empire. Indus River Valley east through the Ganges River Valley and southward through the Deccan Plateau.(Founded by Chandragupta Maurya, his grandson Ashoka Maurya took the empire to its greatest hights)
traded in the Mauryan Empire silk, cotton, and elephants (to Mesopotamia and eastern Roman Empire)
Why did the Mauryan Empire become so powerful? trade and millitary
Ashoka was known for Rock and Pillar Edicts (were carve into rocks and pillars)(edicts reminded them to live gernerous and righteous lives)
After Ashoka's death The Mauryan empire began to decline rapidly.(Because of economic problems and pressure from attacs in the northeast)
Guapta's accomplishments in mathamatics a decimal system that used 1 through 9, pi, & zero
Guapta Empire was concidered the golden age peace and great advances in arts and science
the main religion in India Hinduism
women began to loose rights in India to own land, inherit land, couldn't study religion or participate in sacred rituals.....marrige for very young girls (even 6 to 7)
Guapta Dynasty collapsed because of pressure from the white huns around 550C.E
the Qin Dynasty about 10 years long, developed strong economy based on agriculture, powerful army with iron weapons, was unified by one emperor, and conquered surrounding territories
Great Wall of China many different intersecting walls created during the Qin Dynasty
Qin Shihuangdi first emperor; standardized laws,currencies, weights, measures, and systems of writing...did not tolerate dissent
legalism main belief system of the Qin rulers
end of Qin Dynasty peasants, they resented the dynasty's heavy-handedness
Han Dynasty the Huns invades vast ammounts of territories (China to Eastern Europe) *most important*-civil service system
Wu Ti called the Warrior Emperor, enlarged Empire to central Asia
Silk Road trade route along the Great Wall of China(trade flourished during the Han, Buddhism and culture spread)
civil service system based off of the teachings of Confucius, it was to ensure strong government officials; examination was oppen to everyone but only rich could prepare
government officials must be highly educated and have escellent communicators;had to take civil service examination
during the Han the Chinese invented paper,accurate sundils, calendars, and broadened their use of metals
Created by: flowereds