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Chp 1/ Gr 4 Science

Classifying Living Things

Vocabulary wordDefinition
classification The act of grouping things by using a set of rules
kingdom the largest group into which living things can be classified
moneran one cell; no nucleus; some make their own food; others feed on other living things
protist one cell (with nucleus); make their own food or live on other living things
fungi most are many-celled; they have nuclei; look like plants but cannot make their own food (absorb food from other living or non-living things)
genus second smallest classification group
species the smallest classification group
How do scientists name animals? With the labels of the two smallest classification groups (genus & species)
Why do scientists organize info. about living things? Scientisits need to be able to find things easily
List the 5 kingdoms of living things: 1. Animals 2. Plants 3. Fungi 4. Protists 5. Monerans
Give an example of an animal monkey, bird, frog, fish, spider, dog, horse
Give an example of a plant grass, tree, flower, fern, moss
Give an example of a fungi mushrooms, yeasts, molds
Give an example of a protist Algae, amoebas, diatoms, paramecia
Give an example of a moneran bacteria
Characteristics of Animals many-celled; feed on other living things
Characteristics of Plants many-celled; make their own food
Characteristics of Fungi most many-celled; absorb food from other living things of dead things (logs)
Characteristics of Protists most one-celled; make their own food -or- feed on other living things
Characteristics of Monerans one-celled; no cell nucleus; some make their own food; others feed on other living things
If a scientist finds a living thing that does not fit into any of the 5 kingdoms, what would they need to do? Make a new kingdom!
What kingdom contains one-celled living things without nuclei? Monerans
What is the scientific name for a grizzly bear cub? Ursus (genus) arctos (species)
What is the scientific name for a house cat? Felis (genus) domesticus (species)
Why do scientists form smaller groups of living things? To be more specific. The most specific is the species which only has one living things in it.
Created by: jpm6286