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SSFT Midterm


Platonism/neo-Platonism a movement in the fifteenth to seventeenth century scientific thought that returned to the ideas of Plato in reaction against the rationalism of Aristotelian thought. They stressed the importance of immanent, "active principles"
Aristotle Greek philosopher who followed Plato. Believed all organisms directed by some internal pattern towards a final cause called the objects Form. Very rational.
Aristotelians viewed god primarily in terms of a rational mind whose thoughts are known by logical analysis. Viewed the world as an organism. Christians transformed idea of final causes and forms into divine purpose.
Pythagoras regarded mathematics as the key to understanding ultimate reality. Was a Neo-Platonist. Developed the practical insights of mathematics and made them into their own methodology.
Kepler identified elliptical orbits. Believed God made nature precise. Due to views of preciseness regarded as a mechanist.
Copernicus neo-Platonist who kicked off the scientific revolution by proposing that the sun was the center of the universe. Studied with Scholastics. Followed Greek thought of circles as perfect shapes. 1473-1543.
Auguste Comte a. 19th century b. founder of positivism i. all knowledge passes through 3 phases: 1) theological 2) metaphysical 3) positive