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All State Vocab

What the title sayss...

a tempo return to the original tempo after some deviation
adagio slow, leisurely tempo
al fine to the end, generally used after a repetition
alla breve a tempo marking indicating quick double time; i.e. 2/2 instead of 4/4 with the half note rather than the quarter note as the beat
allargando slowing of tempo, usually with increasing volume; most frequently occurs toward the end of a piece.
allegretto slightly slower than allegro, often implying lighter texture and character as well
allegro fast
allegro con spirito fast tempo with spirit
amabile sweet, loveable
ancora meno mosso once more, but a little slower
andante rather slow, at a moderate walking pace
aria a self-contained composition for solo voice, usually with instrumental accompaniment and usually found within the context of an opera, oratorio or cantata
arpeggio the notes of a chord played in succession to one another, rather than simultaneously; a broken chord
art song a composed song in which the text, melody, and accompaniment, are interrelated to create a unified effect
bel canto a style of singing characterized by lyricism, legato, pure vowels, and freedom of production which originated in Italy during the so called "Golden Age of Singing" (1685-1825)
berceuse a lullaby
cadenza an improvised or written-out ornamental passage performed by a soloist usually near the final cadence
cantabile singable; singing
catch breath a short or partial breath to renew lung supply quickly
chorale a congregational song or hymn of the German Protestant Church, originally for the entire congregation to sing
chord 3 or more pitches sounded simultaneously or functioning as if sounded simultaneously
chromatic motion by half steps; also describes harmony or melody that employs some of the sequential 12 pitches (semi-tones) in an octave
D.C. or Da Capo repeat from the beginning of the composition
D.S. or dal segno repeat from the sign
divisi performers singing the same part are divided to sing different parts.
dolce sweetly, usually also softly
dynamics the degrees of loudness in a musical work
embellishment ornamentation added to music to make it more beautiful or effective, or to demonstrate the abilities of the performer
forward tone focused tone; a tone with major frontal resonance of the mouth and vocal mask
grave grave, solemn
grazioso graceful
gruppo ad lib a group of notes played or sung at the will or pleasure of the performer
head voice the higher register of the singing voice
key the pitch relationships that establish a tonal center
largo very slow and broad
leap melodic motion from one pitch to another that is more than a whole tone away
legato e pesante smooth, connected and heavy
leggiero(leggero) light (soft)
lunga a long pause that is determined by the performer (director)
major scale a diatonic scale where the half-steps fall between the third and fourth, and the seventh and octave
marcato marked, stressed
misterioso play or sing in a mysterious manner
motif a short musical idea or melodic theme, usually shorter than a musical phrase
natural a note that is not affected by either a sharp or a flat, a natural sign cancels a previous sharp or flat
niente nothing
notation any means of writing down music, usually indicating pitch, duration, timbre and loudness
octave an interval eight diatonic scale degrees above it. Two notes an octave apart have the same letter name, and form the most consonant interval possible.
phrase a single musical idea or element which is often defined by a repeated rhythmic pattern or a melodic contour
portamento special manner of singing where the voice glides from one tone to the next through all the intermediate pitches
prestissimo as fast as possible
presto very fast, faster than allegro
primo first or upper part
rallentando (rall.) slowing down; the same as ritardando
rubato making the established pulse flexible by accelerating and slowing down the tempo, an expressive device
sempre always
senza without
sequence the repetition of a phrase at different pitch levels using the same or similar intervals.
sforzando strongly accented, forced
simile (sim.) continue to perform in a similar manner
sotto voce softly; with subdued sound; performed in an undertone
stringendo pressing, becoming faster, hurrying
strophic describes a song where the stanzas are all sung to the same music
subito suddenly, quickly
tacet indicated that a particular voice or instrument is silent for an extended passage or movement
tenuto (ten.) fully sustained, occasionally even a bit longer than the note value requires
time signature the sign placed at the beginning of a composition to indicate its meter
tonic the key center, the foundation of a scale or melody
vivace lively, briskly
Created by: MelodyR