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AP US 1

QuestionAnswer
Compared with the English colonies, New France (Louisiana) was more autocratically governed
The expansion of New France occurred especially along the paths of lakes and rivers
Colonial Americans were unhappy after the peace treaty following the "War of Jenkins's Ear" because it gave the Louisbourg fortress they had captured back to France
The original cause of the French and Indian war was competition between French and English colonists for land in the Ohio River valley
The French and Indian war eventually became part of the larger world conflict known as the Seven Years' War
Benjamin Franklin's attempt to create inter-colonial unity at the Albany Congress resulted in rejection of the congress's proposal for colonial home rule both by London and by the individual colonies
The British forces suffered early defeats in the French and Indian War under the overall command of General Braddock
William Pitt's strategy in the assault on New France finally succeeded because he concentrated British forces on attacking the vital strong points of Quebec and Montreal
Among the factors that tended to promote intercolonial unity during the French and Indian war was common language and wartime experience
The French and Indian war weakened interior Indian peoples like the Iroquois and creeks by removing their French and Spanish allies from Canada and Florida
Pontiac's fierce attack on frontier outposts in 1763 had the effect of convincing the British to keep troops stationed in the colonies
The British Proclamation of 1763 angered colonists who thought that it deprived them of the fruits of victory
The french and indian war created conflict between the british and american military because british officers treated the american colonial militia with contempt
the effect on the colonsits of the french removal from north america was to reduce the colonies' reliance on britain and increase their sense of independence
During the period of fighting between april 1775 and july 1776, the colonists claimed that their goal was to restore their rights within the British empire
George washington proved to be an especially effective commander of american forces in the revolution because of his integrity, courage, and moral forcefulness
the bold american military strategy that narrowly failed in december 1775 involved a two-pronged attack on british forces in new jersey
many of the german hessian soldiers hired by king george III to fight for the british had little loyalty to the british cause and ended up deserting
thomas paine's appeal for a new republican form of government attracted many americans because their own experience with local and colonial democratic governance had prepared them for the idea
Paine's COMMON SENSE was crucial in convincing many americans that what they should fight for was an independent and republican america separate from britain
the loyalists were particularly strong among conservative and well-off americans
besides george washington, the most militarily effective american officer in the early campaigns of 1776 and 1777 was General Benedict Arnold
the battle of saratoga was a key turning point of the war for independence because it brought about crucial french assistance to the Revolutionary cause
the primary reason that americans were willing to enter a military and diplomatic alliance with Frnace in 1778 was the practical self-interest of needing assistance to defeat the british
the british especially relied on the numerous loyalists to aid them in fighting the patriots in the carolinas
Most of the six nations of the iroquois under joseph brant fought against the american revolutionaries because they believed that a victorious britain would contain westward american expansion
the british defeat at yorktown was brought about by george washingtons army and the french navy under admiral de Grasse
In the peace negotiations at Paris, the french wanted the americans to acquire only the territory east of the Appalachian mountains
the british yielded the americans a generous peace treaty that included the western territories primarily because of the desire of the weak whig ministry in london for friendly future relations with the US
the british theory of mercantilism, by which the colonies were governed, held that the colonial economy should be carefully controlled to serve the mother country's needs
one of the ways in which mercantilism harmed the colonial economy was by inhibiting the development of banking and paper currency in the colonies
the mobilization of "non-importation" policies against the stamp act was politically important because it aroused revolutionary fervor among many ordinary american men and women
when British officials decided to enforce the east india company's tea monopoly and the three-pence tax on tea, colonists were outraged because they saw it as a trick to undermine their principled resistance to the tax
The british reacted to the boston tea party by closing the port of boston until damages were paid and order restored
american colonists especially resented the townshend acts because the revenues from the taxation would go to support british officials and judges in america
the most important action the continental congress look to protest the intolerable acts was forming the association to impose a complete boycott of all British goods
the passage of the quebec act aroused intense american fears because it extended catholic jurisdiction and a non-jury judicial system into the western ohio country
the event that precipitated the first real shooting between the british and american colonists was the british attempt to seize colonial supplies and leaders at Lexington and concord
the british parliamentary government at the time of the american revolution was headed by Lord North
the american rebellion was especially dangerous to the british because they were also worried about possible revolts in ireland and war with france
the british political party that was generally more sympathetic to the american cause was the Whig party
one of the advantages the british enjoyed in the impending conflict with the colonies was the ability to enlist foreign soldiers, loyalists, and native americans in their military forces
one of the advantages the colonists enjoyed in the impending conflict with Britain was fighting defensively on a large, agriculturally self-sufficient continent
Created by: calisawesome1 on 2010-09-27



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