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Science Cells

located in the Eukarotic cell Nucleus
the control center of the cell Nucleus
Contains DNA (cromatin) Nucleus
filled with nucleoplasm Nucleus
contains nucleolus Nucleus
small structure within the nucleus Nucleolus
assembles ribosomes nucleolus
manufacture proteins either in the cytoplasm or while attached to the Rough ER ribosomes
gelatin like substance that all organelles float in cytoplasm
there are several ribosomes floating by themselves in cytoplasm, therefore there is a lot of _____ in the cytoplasm protein
converts simple molecules into more complex molecules Endoplasmic Reticulum
Acts as a transportation system Endoplasmic Reticulum
converts simple proteins into more complex proteins and transports them throughout the cell Rough ER
converts simple lipids into more complex lipids that eventually go to form parts of the cell membrane Smooth ER
Packages and ships certain molecules (proteins, lipids) out of the cell or to different places within the cell Golgi Apparatus
Looks like pancakes Golgi Apparatus
typically located close to endoplasmic reticulum and the cell membrane Golgi Apparatus
Produced by the Golgi Apparatus, contains cellular molecules that are to be transported out of the cell or to different places within the cell Vesicles
Membrane bound bag of cellular materials Vesicles
the power house of the cell mitochondria
site for cellular respiration (the chemical reaction whereby glucose in converted to ATP) mitochondria
found prolifically in cells requiring lots of energy mitochondria
provides the cell with shape and structure and protection from the inside of the cell Cytoskeleton
consists of the microtubes and microfiliments Cytoskeleton
little tube microtube
little hairlike extension in the cytoskeleton microfiliment
made of two layers of phospholipids Cell Membrane
Semi permeable allowing only certain things in and certain things out of the cell Cell Membrane
Covers all cells Cell Membrane
Filled with digestive enzymes that break down old cell parts and store wastes Lysosome
typically found in animal cells Lysosome
two external structures that allow for movement of the cell Flagella and celia
long whip like extension of the cell membrane allows swimming flagella
short extensions that brush things (bacteria, dust) out of the way cilia
Three structures that are unique to plant cells Cell Wall, Chloroplasts, Vacuole
provides the plant cell with shape and structure cell wall
made of cellulose cell wall
provides the plant cell with green pigmentation/color due to the chlorophyll chloroplasts
chlorophyll allows the _____ to capture sunlight and convert it into chemical energy for the cell to use chloroplasts
site for photosynthesis chloroplasts
chemical reaction allowing the plant cell to make its food photosysthesis
giant storage bin for food, wastes and water Vacuole
Centrally located and called the central _____ Vacuole
Created by: teachergoodwin