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SPED 326 kdo


Speech Disorder difficulty producing sounds as wass as disorders of voice quality (hoarse voice, stuttering)
Language Disorder difficulty receiving, understanding, or formulating ideas and information
Receptive Language Disorder difficulty receiving or understanding information
Expressive Language Disorder difficulty formulating ideas and information
Cleft Palate or Lip condition where a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or the upper lip
Dialect language variation that a group of individuals uses and that reflects shared religion, social, or cultural/ethnic factors
Speech oral expressive of language
Language Structured, shared, rule-governed, symbolic system for communicating
Phonology use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words
Phonemes individual speech sounds
Morphology the sytem that governs the structure of words
Syntax provides rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences
Semantics the meaning of what is expressed
Pragmatics the use of communication in contexts
Social Interaction Theories emphasize that communication skills are learned through social interactions
Articulation Disorders one of the most frequent communication disorders in preschool and school-age children
Articulation a speaker's production of individualor sequenced sounds
Substitutions common, "d" for "th" "t" for "k" "w" for "r"
Omissions when a child leaves a phoneme out of a word
Additions when students place a vowel between two consonants
Distortions modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word (lisps)
Apraxia motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a student plans to produce speech
Pitch affected by tension and size of the vocal folds, the health of of the larynx, and the location of the larynx
Duration the length of time any speech sound requires
Intensity loudness and softness
Resonance perceived quality of someone's voice
hypernasality in which air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavity(cleft palate)
Hyponasality air cannot pass through the nasal cavity and passes through the nose instead
Fluency Disorder interruptions in the flow of speaking
Phonological Disorder unable to discriminate differences in speech sounds or sound segments
Morphological Disorder problems using the structure of words to get or give information
Pragmatics the social use of language - within a shared social environment
Organic Disorders caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of a person
Functional Disorder those with no identifiable organic or neurological cause
Congenital Disorder occurs at or before birth
Acquired Disorder occurs well after birth
Bilingual use of two or more languages
Bidialect two or more variations of a language
System for Augmenting Language (SAL) instructional strategy. focuses on augmenting input of language
Created by: kiradawn