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Chapter 6 Vocabulary

Speech Disorder A difficulty that a person has in producing sounds as well as having general difficulties with voice quality or fluency of speech
Language Disorder Difficulty a person has in receiving, understanding, or formulating ideas and information
Receptive Language Disorder Difficulty a person has only in receiving and understanding information
Expressive Language Disorder Difficulty a person has only in formulating and expressing ideas and information
Cleft Palate or Lip A condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or the upper lip
Dialect A language variation that a group of individuals uses and that reflects shared regional, social, or cultural/ethnic factors
Speech The oral expression of language that occurs when a person orally produces sounds and syllables
Language A structured, shared, rule-governed, symbolic system for communicating
Phonology The use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words
Phonemes Individual speech sounds
Morphology The system that governs the structure of words
Morpheme The smallest meaningful unit of speech
Syntax A system that provides rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences
Semantics The meaning of what is expressed in language
Pragmatics The use of communication in contexts
Social Interaction Theories Theories that emphasize that communication skills are learned through social interactions.
Articulation A speaker's production of individual or sequenced sounds
Substitution An occurrence where a person substitutes one phoneme for another
Omission An occurrence where a person leaves a phoneme out of a word
Addition An occurrence where a person places an extra vowel between two consonants
Distortions Modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word
Apraxia A motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a student plans to produce speech
Pitch The quality of a person's speech that is affected by the tension and size of the vocal folds and the health of the larynx
Duration The length of time that any speech sound requires
Intensity A quality of speech that is based on the perception of the listener and is determined by air pressure coming from the lungs through the vocal folds
Resonance The perceived quality of someone's voice determined by the way in which the tone coming from the vocal folds is modified by the spaces of the throat, mouth, and nose
Hypernasality A speech condition in which air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavity on sounds other than /m/, /n/, and /ng/
Hyponasality A speech condition when air cannot pass through the nose and comes through the mouth instead
Fluency The rate and rhythm of a person's speaking
Specific Language Impairment A language impairment not related to any physical or intellectual disability
Organic Disorder A disorder caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person
Functional Disorder A disorder with no identifiable organic or neurological cause
Congenital Disorder A disorder that occurs at or before birth
Acquired Disorder A disorder that occurs well after birth
Oral Motor Exam An examination of the appearance, strength, and range of motion of the lips, tongue, palate, teeth, and jaw
Bilingual A description of someone who can speak two different languages
Bidialectal A description of someone who can speak two variations of a language
System for Augmenting Language (SAL) An instructional strategy that focuses on augmented input of language
Created by: SDRYTR