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Generation Notes

What was the name of the first electronic computer? ABC: Atanasoff-Berry Computer
Who built the Atanasoff-Berry Computer? John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry
What type of Number System was used for the Atanasoff-Berry Computer? Binary number system
What was the purpose of the ENIAC? To calculate the trajectory of artillery shells
Who was the UNIVAC built by? Mauchly and Eckert
What is a disadvantage of the first generation computers? Very expensive
What was an advantage of the first generation computers? The ability to perform up to 1,000 calculations per second
What was an advantage of the transistor? It was smaller
What was one quality of the Model 650 Computer? It was the first medium-sized computer
How are second generation computers different from first generation ones? Change in a way data was stored.
Which object had intuitive commands such as read and write? Fortran
silicon with intricate circuits etched into their surfaces and coated with a metallic oxide that fills in the etched circuit patterns is what? Integrated Circuits
What is a large computer system used for multi-user applications? Mainframes
Who invented the Microprocessor? Marcian Hoff
Who was the founder of Microsoft? Bill Gates
What was an advantage of the IBM System 360? Popular among business poeple
Who invented the IC? Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce
What was the most widely used high level programming language? Cobol
Who was Cobol first designed by? Department of Defense
What was the purpose of Cobol? To provide a common language for use on all computers.
Created by: kw10