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Generation Notes

What was the ABC? One of the first generation computers, Atanasoff- Berry Computer and one of the first electronic computers.
How many generations were there? Four generations.
Programming languages were part of the second generation, what are some examples? FORTRAN, COBOL, and BASIC.
What is a microcomputer? It fits on a desktop and is also called a PC or personal computer.
Who was the founder of Microsoft? Bill Gates
Punched cards were replaced by magnetic tape in which generation and what did it do? The second generation and the tape could read and write or acess and store data quickly and reliably.
All computers today have was two parts that first generation computers had? The program which was a list of instructions in a special language and the CPU or central processing unit.
Who designed and built the first Apple computer? Stephen Wozniak and Steven Jobs.
IC is what? An integrated circuit which is a silicon wafer with intricate circuits and metallic oxide fills in the holes.
The first medium sized computer that was expensive but could handle a flood of paperwork was? The Model 650 of the second generation.
ENIAC stands for? Electronic Numerical Integration and Calculator which calculated the trajectory of artillery shells.
What computer was smaller, less expensive, and calculated up to 10,000 calculations per second? The Transistor.
The Mainframe was what? It was a large computer system that had multi-user applications and communicated with terminals.
FORTRAN stands for? FORmula TRANslator and it had intuitive commands to read and write.
The IBM 360 was? The first computer to use integrated circuits and was very popular among businesses.
The Stored Program Computer was also called? The Universal Machine.
Disadvantages of first generation computer were? Large vacuum tubes and they were very expensive.
What is the Binary Number System? 0's and 1's in patterns.
BASIC eventually evolved into what? Visual Basic.
The first PC was named? Altair.
Created by: MA12